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Used Civil War envelope that has been addressed to Mrs. Mary Varnam, Lawrence, Mass., with bold stamped "Due 3." At the top of the cover is written, "Soldier Letter, A.P. Browne, Adjt. 40th Mass." Light wear from being opened. 


Able Parker Browne, who mailed this envelope was a 26 year old clerk from Salem, Mass., when he enlisted on May 26, 1862, as a 1st sergeant, and was mustered into the Salem Cadets Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. On May 25, 1862, Union Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton, sent out an alarm for militia troops from various states to be sent to Washington, D.C. immediately because of the route of the forces of General Nathaniel P. Banks by Confederate General Stonewall Jackson stating that the enemy were in large force and advancing on Washington. The Salem Cadets were one of the organizations called upon in this emergency. Browne was discharged for promotion on August 25, 1862, and on September 5, 1862, he was commissioned into the field and staff of the 40th Massachusetts Infantry serving as 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant of the regiment. He was promoted to major on August 26, 1863, and resigned his commission on March 5, 1864. After the war he was a member of G.A.R. Post #113, the Edward W. Kinsely Post, in Boston, Mass.  


<b>Written by an officer who was captured at Winchester, Va., and who died as a P.O.W.!


From Libby Prison, Richmond, Virginia</b>


1 1/2 pages, 5 x 8, in pencil, written by Lieutenant Levi Lupton, to his wife. 


<b><u>Libby Prison, July 18th, 1863</b></u>


Dear and loving wife,


After my love to you and the children and all my friends I will just say that I am well and hope these few lines may find you in good health, but I am very tired with the place and I pray that it may please the good Lord to hasten the day when I can leave and come home to stay and I think that the time is not far distant and I want you to try and keep in good heart and trust to the Lord for strength for he has promised to give to all that ask of Him.  I hope to hear from you soon for I have not heard a word from you since I left Winchester.  Good-by Dear.  May the Lord bless you is my prayer.  If you write Direct to Libby Prison, Richmond, and put an extra envelope on it and direct to Col. Ludlow, Commissioner at Washington.


Lt. Levi Lupton


Light wear, age toning, and scattered light staining. The pencil is light in places and a few words are hard to read where the paper is stained, but I was able to view the letter under magnification and read it all. The letter comes with a complete type written transcription. This letter was written about a month after Lieutenant Lupton's capture at Winchester, Va., and is one of his earliest letters written home from Libby Prison. In it you can feel Lupton's nervous concern because he hasn't heard from his wife since his capture and implores her to write soon. 


Levi Lupton, was 39 years old, when he enlisted on July 25, 1862, at Columbus, Ohio, as a 2nd lieutenant. He was commissioned into Co. C, 116th Ohio Infantry, on September 19, 1862, at Gallipolis, Ohio. He was promoted to 1st lieutenant on June 13, 1863, but was never mustered at that rank because he was captured the next day, June 14, 1863, at Winchester, Va. He spent time confined in Libby Prison, Richmond, Va., and at Macon, Ga., and Charleston, S.C., where he died on September 12, 1864.  


<b>Confederate General from Texas who died in 1862</b>


(1806-62) Born in Morgan County, Georgia, he moved as a 12 year old boy with his parents to Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, where he lived as a planter until 1839, when he moved to Texas. He had meanwhile attained a license to practice law, and also took an interest in politics and was elected to the congress of the Republic of Texas. Hogg fought in the ranks during the Mexican War, and soon after was elected to the Texas State Senate representing Cherokee County, his new home, and where he had established his law practice. In the 1850's he was an active participant in sponsoring the building of railroads in Texas gaining prominence in the state. He was elected to the Texas Secession Convention and cast his vote for Texas to secede from the Union. He soon was appointed a colonel by the governor and was kept busy organizing and recruiting Texas troops for the Confederacy. Appointed a brigadier general in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States on February 14, 1862, he was ordered to Corinth, Mississippi. He arrived there in May 1862, and fell victim to the dysentery outbreak that was raging in General Beauregard's army. He died on May 16, 1862. First buried near Mount Holly School House, his remains were later reinterred in the Confederate Cemetery at Corinth. His son, James S. Hogg, served as Governor of Texas from 1892 to 1896.


Antique silver print photograph, waist up view in Confederate uniform. No imprint. Circa early 1900's. No known photograph of Joseph Lewis Hogg is known to exist. This portrait is believed to be an artist rendition based on a pre war painting of Hogg adding on the Confederate uniform. Rare.      


<b>Written by an officer who was captured at Winchester, Va., and who died as a P.O.W.!


From Libby Prison, Richmond, Virginia</b>


1 1/2 pages, 5 x 8, in pencil, written by Lieutenant Levi Lupton, to his wife. Due to a shortage of writing paper he had, he wrote his letter on the back of a letter written to him by his daughter Maggie. Maggie's portion of the letter is written in ink. 


<b><u>Libby Prison, June 25th/63</b></u>


Dear wife,


We arrived here on Tuesday.  I am in good health and hope these few lines may find you the same.  Our captors have treated us very well.  We have plenty to eat of plain wholesome food but it is very tiresome staying here and I hope they will soon parole us for I do want to get home for I am very tired of the war and I want to resign as soon as I get home, but don’t say anything about it to any one.  I hope you have heard from me before this time.  Brother Brady was to write to you for me at Winchester.  Well I must conclude as this is all the paper I have.  It is a part of Maggy’s letter.  May the good Lord bless you and give you strength is the prayer of your loving husband and may we soon meet again.


Lieut. Levi Lupton


[Written on the reverse is the ending of a letter written to him by his daughter Maggie.  He refers to it in his letter to his wife saying that this was the only paper he had].


Page 6:


there is two of us goes to school all the time.  Nick Gampas was here day before yesterday and he said that when we wrote to you to give his best respects to you, but I guess I will draw my letter to a close for I have no news to tell you for we write so often.  Write as soon [as] you can and I will do the same, so good-by.


From your affectionate Daughter Maggie P. Lupton to Pap 


Light wear, age toning, and scattered staining. Two small tape repairs on the reverse. No doubt this is one of Lieutenant Lupton's first letters written home as a prisoner of war. 


Levi Lupton, was 39 years old, when he enlisted on July 25, 1862, at Columbus, Ohio, as a 2nd lieutenant. He was commissioned into Co. C, 116th Ohio Infantry, on September 19, 1862, at Gallipolis, Ohio. He was promoted to 1st lieutenant on June 13, 1863, but was never mustered at that rank because he was captured the next day, June 14, 1863, at Winchester, Va. He spent time confined in Libby Prison, Richmond, Va., and at Macon, Ga., and Charleston, S.C., where he died on September 12, 1864.

Cover Sent by Adjutant of the 40th Massa $15.00

 

116th Ohio Infantry Letter $65.00

 

Photograph, General Joseph L. Hogg $25.00

 

116th Ohio Infantry Letter $100.00

<b>and a General View of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee</b>


Authentic, original woodcut engravings that have been hand tinted in color and published on the front page of the July 5, 1862 issue of Harper's Weekly. #1- Caption: The Levee At Memphis, Tenn.- Hauling Sugar and Cotton From Their Hiding Places For Shipment North. Sketched by Mr. Allen Simplot. #2- Caption: General View Of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. Sketched BY Dr. B. Howard, U.S.A. Includes an identification key with several points of interest. Ornate illustrated Harper's Weekly masthead at the top which includes the date. 10 1/4 x 15 1/4.  


<b>With 2 front page Battle of Vicksburg maps


Story about the Sinking of the Famous Union Ironclad Warship, "The Monitor"</b>


8 pages. New York, Monday, January 5, 1863. Front page map #1: The Battle At Vicksburg; Map Showing Vicksburg, the Mississippi and the Yazoo. Map #2: Map Showing Vicksburg And The Rebel Batteries. Front page headlines: THE MURFREESBORO STRUGGLE. More Particulars of the Tremendous Fighting Between Generals Rosecrans and Johnston. The Casualties. Our Loss in Killed, Wounded and Prisoners About Seven Thousand. The Rebels Estimate Their Loss at Five or Six Thousand. The Battle on Friday. The Fight Renewed on Saturday. Rebel Accounts of the Battle. Sketches of the Killed, Wounded and Captured. Rebel Accounts of the Battle; A Victory Claimed- The Union Forces Reported Without Railroad or Telegraphic Communication with Their Rear- Large Numbers of Union Prisoners Said to Have Been Captured- God Has Blessed Them with a Happy New Year. Another Successful Rebel Raid. Dumfries Again Emptied by Stuart's Cavalry- Capture of Public Stores and Sutlers' Wagons. General Grant's Order Expelling the Jews From Paducah, Ky. The Vicksburg Struggle. Ten Days Hard Fighting on the Banks of the Mississippi. Attack on the Rebel Intrenchments. Our Success in Turning the Right Flank of the Enemy. The Rebel Accounts One Week Later. The Fight Still Going On. Is Murfreesboro to be Outdone in Obstinacy? What The Rebels Claim To Have Done. Sketches (meaning stories about) of General Sherman and Commander Gwin. What Has Been Done at Vicksburg? Operations of the Gunboats. Stirring News Expected From Suffolk. Other news: New York State Government. The Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Official of the State. The Contest for United States Senator, The Crisis in our National Affairs. Amusements of the Army. The Campaign in the Southwest and its Tremendous Importance. The Reassembling of Congress and the Currency Question. THE MONITOR DISASTER; Additional Details of the Loss of this Celebrated Ironclad. Names of the Officers and Men Drowned. Admiral Lee's Dispatch to Secretary Welles. The Proclamation in the Churches. Reverend Henry Ward Beecher on the Proclamation. Important News From Europe and much more. There are some edge chips with paper loss on some of the pages, none of which affect any of the excellent content of this newspaper. Some creasing.     


<b>Signed by their Colonel who was  killed in action in 1862 while carrying the regimental battleflag and leading a charge at the battle of Gaines' Mill, Va.!


Also signed by an officer who was severely wounded in 1862 at the battle of Frayser's Farm, Virginia </b> 


8 x 7 1/4, in ink. Provision Return for Captain McCauley's Company I, Seventh Regiment North Carolina State Troops, Commencing January 8th and ending January 16th, 1862, at Camp Graham. Itemized account for 58 men and interestingly for 1 woman, and for rations of beef, pork, flour, rice, coffee, sugar, vinegar, candles, soap, and salt. Signed by Lieut. Wm. N. Dickey. The document also has an autograph endorsement signed by Colonel R.P. Campbell, as follows: "The A.C.S. will issue agreeably to the above, R.P. Campbell, Col. 7th N.C.T. Light age toning and wear. Very fine manuscript. Extremely desirable regiment.


Reuben P. Campbell, was a 43 year old resident of Iredell County, N.C., when he enlisted on May 16, 1861, as a colonel, and was commissioned into the 7th North Carolina Infantry. He was killed in action on June 27, 1862, at Gaines' Mills, Va., while carrying the regimental colors, and leading a charge against the Union lines. Campbell had been a graduate of the United States Military Academy in 1840, and was commissioned 2nd lieutenant of the 2nd U.S. Dragoons. He was promoted to the rank of 1st lieutenant on November 3, 1845, and brevet captain, on February 23, 1847, for gallantry in the Mexican War battle of Buena Vista. Promoted to captain on August 8, 1851, Campbell resigned his commission in the U.S. Army, on May 11, 1861, to join the Confederate army, and was commissioned colonel of the 7th North Carolina Infantry with the further particulars as mentioned above.


William N. Dickey, was a 27 year old school teacher from Mecklenburg County, N.C., when he enlisted as a first lieutenant, on May 16, 1861, and was commissioned into Co. I, 7th North Carolina Infantry. He was wounded in action on June 30, 1862, shot in the right thigh at the battle of Frayser's Farm, Va. He resigned from the Confederate army on February 23, 1863, as a result of the wound he had received in battle.


Captain James R. McCauley, whose company this provision return was made out for, was also a school teacher. He was 25 years old resident of Burke Co., N.C., when he enlisted as a captain on May 16, 1862, and was commissioned into Co. I, 7th North Carolina Infantry. He was wounded in action on June 27, 1862, at the battle of Gaines' Mill, Va.; was wounded a second time, this happening at the battle of Chancellorsville, Va., on May 3, 1863; and McCauley met his ultimate fate on the battlefield at Reams' Station, Va., when he was killed on August 25, 1862.    


The hard fought 7th North Carolina Infantry took an active part in the fight at New Bern, N.C., then moved to Virginia where they became part of the Army of Northern Virginia. After fighting at Hanover Court House, the regiment participated in the various campaigns of the A.N.V. from the Seven Days Battles to Cold Harbor, and were also involved in the devastating siege of Petersburg, Va. They suffered 51 casualties at New Bern, 253 out of the 450 engaged during the Seven Days Battles, 69 at 2nd Manassas, 52 at Sharpsburg, 86 at Fredericksburg, 37 killed and 127 wounded at Chancellorsville, of the 291 engaged at Gettysburg, 31 per cent fell, 5 were killed and 62 wounded in the Wilderness, and 11 were killed and 28 wounded at Spotsylvania. On February 26, 1865, the regiment was sent back to North Carolina where they eventually surrendered with the Army of Tennessee with 13 officers and 139 men. A detachment of the unit had also been left with the A.N.V., and they surrendered with only 1 officer and 18 men left.

 


Civil War patriotic imprint with a vignette of Miss Liberty and a flag on a standard with the word "Union" and stars in the field, and a liberty cap on the top end of the standard. Slogan at the top, Onward to Victory. Light age toning and wear. 


***See our Patriotic Imprints section to read more information about this item.

The Levee at Memphis, Tennessee

 

The New York Herald, January 5, 1863

 

1862 Provision Return, 7th North Carolin $250.00

 

Onward to Victory $5.00




<b>United States Congressman from Massachusetts</b>


(1783-1882) Born in Winchendon, Worcester County, Mass., he worked on a farm, taught school in Hingham, Mass., from 1804-14, and became interested in the manufacture of the cotton gin in Bridgewater, Mass. He served as a member of the Massachusetts State House of Representatives in 1824, 1825, 1827, and 1828. He then served in the Massachusetts State Senate in 1833 and 1834. He served again in the Massachusetts State House from 1838-42. He was a delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1853. He was elected as a Whig to the U.S. Congress and served from 1845-49. Was a presidential elector on the Lincoln-Johnson Republican ticket in 1864.


<u>Signature With Place</u>; 6 1/8 x 2, in ink, Artemas Hale, Bridgewater, Mass.


 


<b>THE GREAT BATTLE OF ANTIETAM</b>


8 pages. Front page headlines: GREAT VICTORY. The Rebel Army in Full Flight Out of Maryland. The Dead and Wounded Left Behind. Our Cavalry Pushing Them Across the Potomac. The Whole National Army in Good Condition. Further Details of the Great Battle of Wednesday. Official Dispatches from Gen. McClellan. He Announces a Complete Victory. Latest Reports From Headquarters. The Great Battle of Wednesday. Gen. Mansfield. Col. McNeil. Battle of Antietam Creek. Full Particulars from our Special Correspondent. The Most Stupendous Struggle of Modern Times. The Battle Won By Consummate Generalship. The Rebel Losses Estimated as High as Thirty Thousand. A Great Number of Prisoners Captured. The Battle of Antietam. The Enemy's Left Was Forced Back. Gen. Sedgwick's Command. French's Division. Richardson's Division. The Irish Brigade. Another Detailed Account of the Great Battle. Other news; New Jersey; The Military Camp at Newark. The Battles in Maryland; A Glorious Victory. Financial Weakness in Rebeldom. Have We a Reverse in Kentucky? Honor to Pennsylvania. The Indian Difficulties. Col. Sibley's Correspondence. List of Killed and Wounded. Remains of Colonel Miles,. The Funeral of General Reno. The Remains of General Mansfield. Important From Kentucky. Surrender of Munfordsville to the Rebels. Five Thousand Troops and Ten Pieces of Artillery Gone. Bragg's Forces Estimated at 30,000 Men. The Guerrillas in Missouri. The War on the Mississippi and more. Light wear. Excellent Battle of Antietam issue! 


WBTS Trivia: September 17, 1862, the day the main battle of Antietam was fought, is the bloodiest single day in American history.   


<b>United States Congressman from Maryland</b>


(1818-88) Born in Elkton, Cecil County, Md., he attended the public schools, was a civil engineer's assistant; attended the local academy at Elkton; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1845 and commenced practice in Elkton; served as a Whig U.S. Congressman from Maryland, 1847-53.


<u>Signature With Place</u>: 6 1/4 x 1 1/2, in ink, Alexander Evans, Elkton, Maryland.  <b>For The Army in 1781</b>


6 1/2 x 3 5/8, imprinted receipt, filled out in ink. State Of Connecticut. Pay-Table Office, Hartford, Oct. 9, 1781. Sir, Pay unto Ralph Pomeroy, Esq. D.Q.M. or Order, Three Pounds in Lawful Silver Money, out of the Tax of Two Shillings and Six Pence on the ground, granted by the General Assembly in May last, and charge the State. John Lawrence, Esq., Treasurer. Signed by 3 members of the Committee, on the obverse, William Moseley, Eleazer Wales, and signed vertically by General Samuel Wyllys. Docketed and signed on the reverse by Ralph Pomeroy, No. 6576, L3 order, R. Pomeroy, D.Q.M., Oct. 9, 1781. For Ralph Pomeroy, D.Q.M. William Adams, A.D.Q.M. Very fine and quite desirable Revolutionary War document.


This receipt is dated only 10 days before the British defeat at Yorktown, Virginia, on October 19, 1781.


The military finances for the Colony of Connecticut were handled by the Committee called the Pay-Table during the American Revolution, 1775-1783. Pay Table members during this period included jurist Oliver Ellsworth, attorney Oliver Wolcott, Jr., (a future U.S. Secretary of the Treasury), Hezekiah Rogers (an aide-de-camp to General Jedediah Huntington, who was also a member), William Moseley, Fenn Wadsworth, Eleazer Wales and General Samuel Wyllys.

Autograph, Artemas Hale $15.00

 

The New York Times, September 20, 1862

 

Autograph, Alexander Evans $10.00

 

The Continental Connecticut Quartermaste $125.00




Criswell #85. Authorized By The Act of Congress, C.S.A., Of August 18, 1861. Vignette of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and 3 female allegorical figures. Lithographed by B. Duncan, Columbia, S.C. Total number of bonds issued 1,491. Rarity 7. With 10 coupons attached. Very fine.  


Authentic, original woodcut engraving that has been hand tinted in color and was published in the May 25, 1861 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: The Second Reinforcement Of Fort Pickens, On April 16, 1861. 15 1/4 x 10 5/8. Harper's Weekly and date are printed in the margin.  


<b>The author of this letter attended and witnessed and writes about a "Whore Ball" in Huntsville, Alabama!


Also includes content regarding famous Presbyterian clergyman, Frederick A. Ross, who had a national feud with the famous Methodist preacher William G. Brownlow!</b>


4 pages, 5 1/8 x 8 1/4, in in ink, written by W. Mastin to his friend Tom. 


<b><u>Huntsville, [Alabama], Jany. 18th [1861]</b></u>

 

Dear Tom,


I suppose you think Bob Shields* was very near true when he said I was a very poor correspondent as it has been nearly a week since I recd. your most welcome epistle.  You have heard ere this time that Dr. Patton was joined in holy wedlock with Mrs. Moore a few weeks ago. They took an extensive pleasure trip from here to Savannah and back and Miss Mary Beirne accompanied them.  They had a safe and pleasant journey and have now returned home.  Mrs. Moore looks a little the worst for wear and the Dr. looks fat & hearty rejoicing over his good luck.  The celebrated Dr. F. Ross is in our town and he has set the whole place in commotion.[1] "All must go and hear him" is the constant bawl of some person who busy interest about such foolishness.  I as a matter of course had to hear his lordship Sunday and was not as well pleased with him as I expected to be.  I had heard so much of him that I concurred Daniel Webster [2] would be no "whar" by the side of him.  The Methodist cry for [William G.] Brownlow [3] to come and give him hell. <b><I>We have a great amount of fun now.  We have what we term a stunning party ever Friday night. A crowd of young ladies & boys collect at some house without any invitation and dance until 11 or 12 o’clock then we politely retire and as it is Friday now, we would have one tonight, but for Mr. Ross.</b></I>  All the boys and girls Mothers will make them trot to hear "Brother Ross" as he is affectionately styled by all the Church members.  In my last letter I made several inquiries about Sam Matthews.**  You did not answer them.  How is old Sam coming on.  <b><I>I witnessed a pleasant little circumstance the other night in Huntsville.  We had a regular "Whore Ball" here and some boys got a little drunk and went in to see the dance I among them.  The men would dance to the women throw their arm around their necks, kiss them & hug them and after it broke up no doubt screw them, but I began to get tighter & tighter and drunker until I feared I could not get away and that some old man might find me in such a place so I left.</b></I> Will you give my love to old Sam. Write soon.


Your friend,

W. Mastin


Wat says he will write as soon as he has time. He is keeping book for McCausey and it keeps him very busy as he has acct. the asst. to draw off this month. Old Chris stays with Tobe most all the time now. Charlie Masters is as damned a rascal as ever. He drinks privately yet I am the same old chap. I always was, only I don’t use ardent spirits since my introduction to Mr. Peck.


Very neat and well written letter on blue stationary. This letter is extremely rare to find as moral values being as strict as they were in the 1860's people were discouraged from writing sexual content in their letters, or if they were brave, or brazen enough to ignore the common decency expected of them during this era of history, such letters were usually destroyed so as not to be found among the possessions of the recipients, or in the case of the Civil War, a person would not want to find such a letter among the possessions of a deceased soldier, or amongst the possessions kept by a friend or a loved one of a deceased soldier. It was very common for soldiers to throw away pipes, tobacco, playing cards, dice, and other objects that they didn't want to be sent home with their possessions should they be killed in battle. Sexual content items were even more taboo during this period. In my 39 plus years in business I have never seen a letter referring to a "whore ball" before!! Extremely rare!! Written examples with sexual contact from the Civil War are exceedingly rare to find!!  


Based on the information that was provided to me when I acquired this extremely rare letter, combined with the diligent research I did myself, this is what I know about the letter. It was once in the collection of a now deceased prominent Civil War collector, and out of respect I will not use their name in my description. This letter was found inside of a Confederate envelope that had been endorsed by Captain Thomas F. Spence, of Company E, 2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles who was very probably the recipient of the letter. All of the letters written to Captain Spence during the war period were addressed, "Dear Tom," as was this letter. Captain Spence enlisted on July 15, 1861, as a captain, and was commissioned into the above named regiment. He was killed in action at the battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, on December 31, 1862. 


The letter writer, W. Mastin, mentions that it is Friday when he is writing and when I looked at my Civil War almanac the only January 18th that fell on a Friday during the war period was 1861. So Mastin no doubt wrote this letter on January 18, 1861, from Huntsville, Alabama, less than 2 months before the first guns of the war were fired. In researching all of the Mastin's that fought for the Confederacy that came from Alabama, assuming Mastin joined the Confederate army, I was only able to find two possibilities. One was William Mastin who enlisted on November 15, 1862, as a private, and was mustered into Co. A, 4th Alabama Cavalry. The second one was William F. Mastin, who enlisted on May 1, 1861, as a 1st lieutenant, and was commissioned into Co. D, 7th Alabama Infantry.


[1] <u>Frederick Augustus Ross</u>: (1796-1883) Was a Presbyterian New School clergyman in Huntsville, Alabama, a slave owner, publisher and pro-slavery author of the book, "Slavery As Ordained of God" that was published in 1857. In the late 1840s, Ross began quarreling with Methodist minister and Whig newspaper publisher William G. Brownlow. Ross had earlier "declared war" on Methodism as a co-editor in his Calvinist Magazine, published from 1827 to 1832. Brownlow initially responded to Ross with a running column, "F.A. Ross' Corner," in the Jonesborough Whig. In 1847, he launched a separate paper, the Jonesborough Quarterly Review, which was dedicated to refuting Ross's attacks, and embarked on a speaking tour that summer. He derided Ross as a "habitual adulterer" and the son of a slave, and accused his relatives of stealing and committing indecent acts (Ross's son responded to the latter charge with a death threat). This quarrel between the two men continued until Brownlow moved his newspaper to Knoxville in 1849. Ross would go on to author a book in 1857 (written in response to the earlier 1852 book, "Uncle Tom's Cabin: or Life among the Lowly," by Harriet Beecher Stowe) that he entitled "Slavery As Ordained of God." Abraham Lincoln later read "Slavery As Ordained of God" and found in Ross's interpretation of the divine will pertaining to the national question of slavery as material for a telling passage as to how slavery advocates and owners themselves benefit from slavery within the 1858 Lincoln–Douglas debates. Ross died in Huntsville, Alabama in 1883. 


[2] <u>Daniel Webster</u>: (1782-1852) American statesman, lawyer and orator. Served as a United States Congresman, 1813-17, and 1823-27; United States Senator, 1827-41, and 1845-50; and United States Secretary of State, 1841-43, and 1850-52. He was one of the greatest orators of his time, well known for his brilliant speeches and eloquent public addresses. 


[3] <u>William G. Brownlow</u>: (1805-77) A leading Tennessee Unionist during the Civil War. He was originally a Methodist minister, thus earning the lifelong nickname of "Parson." He became editor of the Knoxville Whig in 1849. Although a strong pro-slavery man, he violently opposed secession in 1861 and soon became a leader of Unionist elements in east Tennessee. Confederate authorities suppressed his newspaper and later imprisoned him for several months during the winter of 1861-62 on suspicion of complicity in the bridge burning that so incensed Jefferson Davis. Later released, he became a firm advocate of a hard war against the South. He was elected governor of Tennessee on the Republican ticket in 1865, and again in 1867. In 1869, he became a U.S. Senator.


* I found a Robert G. Shields, who enlisted on May 1, 1862, as a private, and was mustered into the 37th Alabama Infantry. He was the only one with that last name and the first name of either Bob or Robert that I could find in an Alabama regiment.


** I found a Samuel H.B. Matthews, who served in Co. I, 4th Alabama Cavalry, the same regiment that I found a William Mastin serving in. This Matthews enlisted on October 1, 1862. There is no way to be certain these soldiers are the same men from this letter, but it does add another connecting dot that makes it a possibility.  


<b>THE CIVIL WAR HAS BEGUN!</b>


Authentic, original woodcut engraving that was hand tinted in color and published in the April 27, 1861 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: The Interior Of Fort Sumter During The Bombardment. 15 1/2 x 10 3/4. Harper's Weekly and the date are printed in the margin. Extremely desirable April 1861 illustration showing the explosions and sheer devastation caused inside of the fort with Union officers and soldiers looking on. 


Spectacular view of the interior of Fort Sumter, while it was under heavy bombardment from the various Confederate batteries around Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. At about 4:30 A.M. on the morning of April 12, 1861, the Confederate States of America fired upon the Union fort, the last bastion representing the United States Government in South Carolina, and one of the fiercest and bloodiest wars in modern history began. When it was all said and done, and the Confederacy laid down their arms and battle flags in defeat in 1865, approximately 622,000 American lives were lost!

1861 Confederate $1, 000 Bond- Jefferson $150.00

 

Reinforcement of Fort Pickens, Florida

 

Extremely Rare 1861 Letter, Sex in the C $350.00

 

The Bombardment of Fort Sumter, South Ca $250.00

<b>Regarding Cotton


Folded letter used as the envelope to mail the correspondence from Augusta, Ga. to Graniteville, S.C.</b>


7 1/2 x 8 1/2, in ink, written by B.S. Dunbar to Messrs. J.J. Gregg & Co. in Graniteville, South Carolina. The letter which bears the date line of Augusta, (Ga.), Dec. 3d, 1862 discusses the cotton business. It is signed, "Very Truly, B.S. Dunbar." The letter was folded in such a way as to create a blank panel that was used in the same way that an envelope would be used to address the letter to the recipient. In this particular instance it is addressed to "Messrs. J.J. Gregg & Co., Graniteville, S.C." This folded letter was mailed through the Confederate States of America postal system as it has a dark blue, Ten Cents, Thomas Jefferson postage stamp, (Paterson 2b) which has been tied on nicely with an Augusta, Ga. postmark. The date "3" is also clearly visible within the oval Augusta, Ga. postmark, so this letter was mailed on (Dec.) 3, (1862) since the letter is dated Dec. 3rd, 1862. There is also a docket on the reverse, "B.S. Dunbar, Dec. 3d, 1862." There is a tiny whole in the paper at the upper left which does not affect any of the content. This was most likely caused by gluing the letter closed and occurred when it was opened. There is also a very small piece of the upper right edge torn off, probably for the same reason. Small area of paper loss at the lower left edge which does not affect any of the content. Fine war date (1862) Confederate postage usage in folded letter format from Augusta, Ga. with a very nice dark blue 10 cents Thomas Jefferson Confederate postage stamp, and mailed to Graniteville, South Carolina.


WBTS Trivia: B.S. Dunbar were buyers of cotton on commission during the War Between the States. J.J. Gregg & Co. were clients of Dunbar who were engaged in the Confederate manufacturing business.     


<b>The First Sitting of Lincoln in Washington, D.C.


Harper's Weekly hand tinted portrait in color!</b>


(1809-1865) An Illinois prairie lawyer, U.S. Congressman, and 16th President of the United States of America, 1861-65. He led the Union through the bloody American Civil War, and was famous for "The Emancipation Proclamation," freeing the slaves, and the "Gettysburg Address," given at the dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery on November 19, 1863. His second term in the White House was cut short when he became the first American President to be assassinated. He was shot by the famous actor, John Wilkes Booth, at Ford's Theatre, Washington, D.C., on the evening of April 14, 1865, dying early the next morning. Mr. Lincoln is considered by many historians to be the best president in the history of the United States.


Authentic, original wood cut engraving that has been hand tinted in color, and was published in the April 27, 1861 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: President Lincoln. Photographed by Brady. Harper's Weekly and date are printed in the margin. 10 3/4 x 15 1/2. Printed to the right of his portrait is a partial article titled, "President Lincoln," which goes into much detail about the new president's life. The opening paragraph reads, "We publish herewith, from a photograph just taken expressly for this paper, a Portrait Of The President. It is the first accurate portrait that has been published of him since he began to grow his beard. The article continues, "HON. ABRAHAM LINCOLN, of Illinois, was born on the 12th February, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky. His family, although much respected, were not blessed with much of this world's goods, and he was forced to fight his own way through the opening struggles of life's campaign. In this way he became intimately acquainted with the industrial classes, and they now claim him as one of their number- "The Flat-boatman." It is also reported that he supported himself for a winter by splitting rails for a farmer- whence his sobriquet, "The Rail-splitter." More content.      


Full seated view of President Abraham Lincoln deeply absorbed in thought, an inkwell clearly visible on the studio table at his side as well as a complete view of his trademark black silk top hat.


WBTS Trivia: Exhausted by a train journey during which he had traveled nearly two thousand miles and visited seven states, Lincoln went to Brady's Washington studio, probably on Sunday, February 24, 1861, and sat, absorbed in problems, while Alexander Gardner took five poses. 


Youthful artist George H. Story, friend and associate of Brady, was at the sitting, and fifty five years later recalled: "Mr. Gardner, Mr. Brady's representative in Washington, came to my room and asked me to come and pose Mr. Lincoln for a picture. When I entered the room the President was seated in a chair wholly absorbed in deep thought....I said in an undertone to the operator, "bring your instrument here and take the picture."


Lincoln's right hand is badly swollen in this photograph. During his journey to Washington, Lincoln shook thousands of hands. Throughout the sitting he kept his swollen right hand closed.


Mr. John G. Nicolay, one of President Lincoln's two private secretaries, was quoted as saying that Lincoln had, "that serious far away look." 


As noted above in the Harper's Weekly article that accompanied this portrait, the first sitting in Washington was held for Harper's Weekly, apparently to satisfy public curiosity about Lincoln's beard. The President-elect posed in his best attire. George H. Story recalled that he seemed, "elegant in dress and appearance, his clothes being made of the finest broadcloth." 


In printing an engraving of the photograph (O-52B), Harper's Weekly noted, "We publish herewith, from a photograph just taken expressly for this paper, a PORTRAIT OF THE PRESIDENT...."


Extremely desirable item, this being the first published woodcut engraved portrait of a bearded President Lincoln to be seen by the general public of the United States, it appearing in the April 27, 1861 issue of Harper's Weekly. 


Sources: Harper's Weekly and Lincoln in Photographs, by Charles Hamilton and Lloyd Ostendorf.  In a collecting field steeped with variations requiring a specialized appreciation of those variations, there is likely someone out there that will recognize this attractive Zouave fez as indicative to a particular regiment but we will leave that to the experts. With that said our photos will offer the best description of this wonderful crimson red fez.   Fashioned from that classic period wool felt that it seems was most desirable to hungry moths, original examples seldom survive in any kind of condition yet while this example exhibits some minor moth tracking as evidence of age and originality it is solid with no holes and retains its original bright crimson coloration with no fading.  An especially nice, high profile Zouave fez complete with its original leather sweat band and false bullion regimental number, this early Civil War fez will go well on its own or in any period headgear collection.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  Measuring approximately 6 ¼ inches long and 3 ¼ inches wide, this nice old pouch or <I>poke</I> was hand fashioned from leather with a turned bone spout using a cotton string wound attachment. The poke remains in excellence all original condition and is as found retaining its period cork stopped.  Solid with no condition issues save desirable evidence of age and originality, these earlier to mid 1800’s pokes were at home in a hunting bag, prospector’s pocket or soldier’s haversack.  Ready to use or display!   <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!

1862 Confederate Business Letter From Au $150.00

 

1861 Portrait of President-Elect Abraham $250.00

 

exceptional ! high profile Civil War er $895.00

 

antique turned bone & leather POUCH $65.00

Measuring approximately 6 ¼ inches long and 3 ¼ inches wide, this nice old pouch or <I>poke</I> was hand fashioned from leather with a turned bone spout using a cotton string wound attachment. The poke remains in excellence all original condition and is as found retaining its period cork stopped.  Solid with no condition issues save desirable evidence of age and originality, these earlier to mid 1800’s pokes were at home in a hunting bag, prospector’s pocket or soldier’s haversack.  Ready to use or display!   <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!


 Believed first made for export in the 1850s, the <I>Ring of Rings Puzzle</I> has existed to ancient times in China with the earliest known Western written reference set down by an Italian mathematician associate of Leonardo da Vinci in 1500.  Credited to craftsmen in Canton, China who first fashioned their cow bone <I>Ring of Rings</I> puzzle for export in the 1850s the now rarely surviving puzzle became a popular diversion throughout Europe and the Americas.  This period example remains in excellent original condition with no chips, cracks or stains yet with good evidence of age and period construction. The puzzle remains complete even to its original, period appropriate, <I>rose-head</I> brass wires.  We will send the purchaser an internet link containing the puzzle resolution, that is to remove all nine bone rings trapped on the decoratively carved handle.  (This can be accomplished in 341 steps by following two simple rules.) <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  Our photos should do best to describe this nice original die-struck mounted artillery hat device except to offer that it is completely original, in fine unissued condition and is of the Civil War period  The piece measures approximately 1 15/16 inches wide with soldered brass wire fasteners. (Note that 2 wires are missing.)  Of interest to the collector will be that we acquired this piece several years ago now when we were fortunate enough to purchase a number of items brought home by a W. Stokes Kirk clerk when the Philadelphia based Civil War surplus dealer closed up shop in 1976.  Founded in 1874, W. Stokes Kirk like Bannerman in New York purchased large quantities of Civil War surplus at government auction. Seems like an impossibility  now but we can remember wares of the two offering original Civil War material as late as the 1950s.  This piece offers a now rare opportunity to acquire such an item from what for years now has become an ever dwindling and now a nearly nonexistent supply. As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  An attractive <I>General Grant</I> board game turned from American walnut with a full complement of 32 period clay marble game pieces.    This example measures approximately 7 ¾  inches in diameter, a more desirable size than the larger more frequently encountered  <I>parlor</I> size that would have been less likely to have seen use in the field.   A similar to the old <I>Fox & Geese</I> peg board solitaire game that was so popular in the period of the American Revolution, this game was played utilizing marbles rather than pegs as with its earlier cousin but with the same principal of jumping one game piece with another.   A successful player would finish the game with only one game piece left on the board.  A popular solitaire game of strategy among the military, the Civil War era marble variation became commonly known as the <I>General Grant Game</I> as it was a favorite diversion of the hard drinking cigar smoking Civil War Union Commander.  This  outstanding <I>field size</I> example is in pleasing condition with a <U>full complement of period clay marbles</U>.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

Measuring approximately 6 ¼ inches long $65.00

 

19th century Antique Cantonese Puzzle – $175.00

 

W. STOKES KIRK - Civil War surplus - Mou $95.00

 

Original ! Gen. GRANT Civil War era BO $225.00

A large example, (shown here with a quarter for size comparison) intricately carved with dog and stag, our illustrations will likely do best to describe this attractive old hunting motif meerschaum tobacco pipe.  With lots of rich color as comes to natural meerschaum with many a pleasant smoke and a good period char as additional evidence of age and originality, this old hand carved pipe remains in pleasing condition and will display well in any tobacciana or period grouping.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!


             A <U>single</U> <I>SMITH’S PAT. 1861</I> extra rich (double border) Infantry Major shoulder strap remains in excellent original condition and bears the period identification label <B>Major Chas. P. Chandler  S & F 1st Massachusetts</B>.  A 26 year old resident of Boston when he enlisted on May 22, 1661 and was commissioned as a Major, Field & Staff <B>1st Mass. Volunteer Infantry</B>.  Major Chandler served with his 1st Mass. Vols. At <B>1 st Bull Run, Yorktown , Williamsburg, Fair Oakes</B> and <B>Seven Pines</B>.  In the action known as the <I>Seven Days before Richmond</I> Major Chandler was killed in action at the <B>Battle of Nelson’s Farm</B>, Virginia, on June 30, 1862.  There was some early confusion as to whether Chandler was killed, wounded, or captured in the fight as his body was never recovered.  As a result he was simply carried as <I>missing</I> until August, 1864 when his status was officially recorded as <I>killed at the Battle of Glendale, June 30, 1862.</I>

      Held in our own collection of Maine related Civil War material for years (Chandler was born in Foxcroft, Maine) it is time to move this nice old Major’s strap on.  The Massachusetts collector will be interested to know that Chandler’s 1861 issue Ames sword and 3-volume Casey’s Infantry Tactics showed up in a Maine auction some years ago.  We missed this lot but it is out there somewhere.  Per verbal history, the straps were separated by the family so I expect the other half of the pair is out there as well.  


<B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


<CENTER><FONT COLOR=#800000>If you have an interest in neat Civil War period things or Maine in the time, you may enjoy our museum site at:</FONT COLOR=#800000></CENTER>

<CENTER><B><I>MaineLegacy.com</I></B></CENTER>



 Found in a costal Maine attic, this approximately 37 X 25 inch piece of homespun linen is hand bound at the edges and retains a pinned on, meticulously penned, period notation preserving the relic as a: <I><B> Piece of English officer’s table cloth Used at the siege of Sebastopol</I></B> (Sevastopol) <B><I> Crimean war, 1855.  Brought home by Capt. John Lincoln Of Brunswick, Maine </B></I>  Our research of period census records produced a single John Lincoln in Brunswick, Maine.  The household consisted of John’s mother, his wife Mary, a brother George, an Englishman named William A. Stevens, his wife Clara and a dressmaker, Peabbecca Farrin.  <U>All three males were recorded as mariners. </U>   A faded red oval stamp in one corner to the table cloth is not discernable to us but may be of note to a collector of period British material. (see photo)  A neat old piece that will likely have a story to tell with some research, one must be fascinated with a connection between the Maine mariner and British sea service at the great Siege of Sebastopol?  Was Capt. John Lincoln simply a shrewd Maine seafarer who was enticed by the high profits nautical life of dangerous parts of the world or was he somehow more closely associated with the military aspects of the infamous siege.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! : </FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  Offered here just as found after decades of storage, this pleasing Civil War vintage cooking / eating and drinking utility was made from relatively heavy tinned sheet iron, rolled and lead soldered in the fashion of the period.  Fitting the Civil War era demand for small, easily carried, multiple use cooking and eating utilities, this sturdy personal size vessel offers both a bail for carrying and suspending over an open fire and cup grip for eating and drinking.  The pot stands 3 7/8 inches from its 3 ¼ diameter mouth flaring to a 4 inch diameter base.  The wider base was intended to offer more heating surface on a camp stove or over an open fire.  With no holes, dents or repairs and good evidence of age and originality, this personal utility will do well in any Civil War era grouping.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

vintage – Dog & Stag MEERSCHAUM TOBACCO $95.00

 

Infantry Major Insignia Strap of – KILL

 

c. 1855 Siege of Sebastopol / Crimean W $145.00

 

Civil War vintage sheet iron COOK POT /

Our photo illustrations will likely do best to describe this little baking utensil except to advise that remains in nice original condition with a pleasing natural age patina to brass and wood.   Obviously hand crafted and completely original, this little  pastry or <I>pie</I> crimper as they are commonly referred to, will lay in nicely with additional period kitchen collectables without spending a lot of money.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!


 


<b>The famous Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid on Richmond, Virginia


Generals' Custer and Stuart mentioned in front page headlines!


U.S. Grant's appointment as Lieutenant General confirmed by the Senate</b>


8 pages. Front page map titled, "The Cavalry Raid Into Virginia. Map Showing the Roads and Rivers Between the Rapidan and Richmond." Front page headlines: HIGHLY IMPORTANT NEWS. Kilpatrick's Brilliant Cavalry Movement Against Richmond. The Union Prisoners to be Released and the Rebel Capital Sacked. Co-operation of the Infantry Under General Sedgwick. General Custer's Splendid Demonstration. Stuart's Boasted Invincible Rebel Cavalry Defeated and His Camp Destroyed. Five Hundred Fine Horses and Fifty Rebel Prisoners Captured Without the Loss of a Single Man. Stories of the Union Commanders; General Kilpatrick; General Custer; and Colonel Dahlgren. The City of Richmond and Its Environs. The Exchange of Prisoners. Other news: The Army of the Potomac; Cheering News. The Louisiana Election. The Forthcoming Draft. Rebel Accounts of Longstreet's Movements. Skirmishing Along the Rebel Lines Near Dalton. The Sinking of the Housatonic. General Grant's Appointment as Lieutenant General Confirmed by the Senate. Interesting Senatorial Debate on the Conduct of the War. The Military Blunders and Who are Responsible for Them. Inquiry into the Disaster in Florida. Position of the Whiskey Tax Question, and much more. Very fine and desirable issue with large front page map, of the Union Cavalry Raid Into Virginia, and headlines with the names of Generals' Custer and Stuart.    


Soldiers (Due) 10 with the Augusta, Ga. C.D.S. Dietz Type B all in violet, 2 APR. (1864). The envelope has been boldly endorsed by a Confederate Georgia officer at the top left, "R.H. Atkinson, Capt. 1st Ga. Regulars." Very nicely addressed to "Mrs. E.A. Atkinson, Macon, Georgia." Coarse paper cover which is probably homemade. Very fine war period Confederate Georgia cover.


Robert Holt Atkinson was commissioned second lieutenant in Company G, 1st Georgia Regulars, on February 1, 1861. He was promoted to first lieutenant in Company A, on September 3, 1861. He served as the regimental adjutant for a period and then was promoted to captain of Company C, at the Battle of Olustee, Florida, on February 20, 1864. He survived the war and surrendered with General Joseph E. Johnston's Army, on April 26, 1865, at Greensboro, North Carolina. 


In the book, "Footprints of a Regiment; A Recollection of the 1st Georgia Regulars, 1861-1865," by W.H. Andrews, Andrews described Lieutenant Atkinson at the Battle of Second Manassas, Virginia, "To the right of me and walking down the line was our Adjutant Lieutenant R.H. Atkinson, with our flag in one hand and his sword in the other. Our colors had fallen for the fourth time. Our gallant color bearer Sergeant Baldwin had lost his life, besides two others who were killed who had lifted the colors up by the time they had struck the ground, the fourth man being wounded. Then Lieutenant Atkinson raised them up. He was certainly making a conspicuous target of himself, but fear was a stranger to him." 


This cover originated from Confederate philatelic expert John L. Kimbrough, and it has been in an advanced private Confederate collection for the last almost ten years before I was fortunate enough to acquire it. Mr. Kimbrough has signed and dated the cover in pencil on the reverse.


WBTS Trivia: The 1st Georgia Regulars Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Macon, Georgia, in April 1861, and soon moved to Virginia. The men were from Atlanta and Brunswick, and Glynn and Montgomery counties. It was brigaded under General Robert Toombs and in April, 1862, contained 367 effectives. Transferred to G.T. Anderson's Brigade, the unit fought gallantly with the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Fredericksburg. It was then ordered to Florida, assigned to G.P. Harrison's Brigade, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, and fought at the battle of Olustee, Florida, the only major battle to be fought in Florida during the War Between the States. During the summer of 1864, it was stationed in the Charleston area and later saw action at Savannah and in North Carolina. The regiment reported 3 killed and 19 wounded at Savage's Station, had 27 killed and 77 wounded at Second Manassas, and lost 3 killed and 25 wounded at Olustee. Only 45 officers and men surrendered with the Army of Tennessee, on April 26, 1865, at Greensboro, North Carolina. [Source: Units of the Confederate Armies by Joseph H. Crute, Jr].  


Authentic, original woodcut engraving that has been hand tinted in color, and was published in the June 20, 1863 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: Triumphal Entry Of The Army Of Major General Banks Into Alexandria, Louisiana, May 4, 1863. From a Sketch by Mr. J.R. Hamilton. 15 1/4 x 10 3/4. Some small archival tape repairs on the reverse. Harper's Weekly and date are printed in the margin. Nice scene with the Red River and Union gunboats at right with slaves present in the foreground.

earlier to mid1800s PASTRY CRIMPER $45.00

 

The New York Herald, New York, Thursday,

 

Confederate Cover From Captain, 1st Geor $250.00

 

General Banks Army Entering Alexandria,




Authentic, original wood cut engraving that has been hand tinted in color and was published in the May 7, 1864 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: Negroes Escaping Out Of Slavery. Sketched by A.R. Waud. 15 1/2 x 11. Harper's Weekly and date are printed in the margin. Very desirable war date slave related sketch done by the celebrated illustrator A.R. Waud.  


<b>Written by Captain Clark S. Edwards, future Colonel of the regiment


He commanded the 5th Maine Infantry during the battle of Gettysburg!


Promoted to Brevet Brigadier General


1861 letter with excellent references to the 1st Battle of Bull Run, Virginia</b>


(1824-1903) Edwards was 37 years old when the news of the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter reached the small town of Bethel, Maine.  He was high on a ladder shingling his roof and he immediately climbed down, obtained permission from the appropriate authorities to form a company of volunteers, and set out to gather recruits from Bethel and the surrounding towns.  This group of men became Company I, of the 5th Maine Volunteer Infantry, with Edwards commissioned as their captain on June 24, 1861.  He rose through the ranks and was appointed colonel of the regiment, on January 8, 1863, commanding the 5th Maine Infantry from that date forward. He was promoted to brevet brigadier general, on March 13, 1865, for his gallant and meritorious Civil War service record.


The 5th Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry was one of the first Maine regiments to be mustered into the Union Army.  They fought in many battles from 1st Bull Run to Petersburg.  During the battle of Rappahannock Station the regiment is credited with capturing 4 Confederate battleflags and 1,200 prisoners.  Known as one of Maine's best fighting regiments, it captured more prisoners than the entire number of men who served in the regiment, and three times the number of battle flags than any other Maine regiment.  After three long years of hard fought service only 193 men were mustered out of the regiment when their term of service expired.  Among their battle honors are written the names of 1st Bull Run, Gaines' Mill, 2nd Bull Run, Crampton's Gap, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Rapidan Crossing, Mine Run, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg.


2 1/2 pages, 7 1/4 x 9 1/8, in ink, written by Captain Clark S. Edwards, to his wife.

 

<b>Letter No. 1 for Aug.


<u>Claremount, Va., Aug. 2nd, 1861</b></u>


Dear Wife,


I rec. a letter from you dated July 28th yesterday morning and was glad to hear from you.  I did not rec. a letter from you between July 17th & twenty eighth.  I think I wrote you some four in that time.  I am a going to No. the letters I write you so you can tell if you rec. them all.  The last letter I wrote you I think I wrote you that I was a going out on picket guard.  We was out some three miles night before last.  All of our company that was able was out and got in yesterday in the rain.  I got wet all through and sleep in wet blanket last night, but have not got much cold as yet.  I am very well for we can eat all that I can get that is fit for to eat.  We cannot get everything that [we] could in Camp Preble, however we get something in this place that we do not in Maine.  I had yesterday morning some peach sauce.  We get the peach from an orchard where we were on picket.  We also got some green corn.  The Boys steal all kind of sauce and fruit from the inhabitants.  They also steal almost everything they can find.  Some of the Boys steal a cain seat chair this morning.  Found a fancy spring bottom chair.  We have our camp furnished in part with good furniture.  Perhaps you may think it is rather bad for our Boys to steal, but we are now quartered on the land owned by a man that is in the Rebel army a fighting against us.  They steal our own ships and cargoes that are worth millions while our folks steal but a few dollars worth.  I rec. a letter from [?] Esq.  He wrote me that our Political Friend says our army are all cowards.  I think that is rather a hard thing to say of our army that fought as ours fought at Bull Run.  We fought against double our number and they lost twice as many men as we did in that battle.  When our artillery gave out it was useless for us to fight with nothing but Springfield muskets.  Some of my men that fell down on the march come on and overtook us on the field of battle.  I do not think that any of my men showed any cowardice.  I will not write you any more now on this subject as the P.[ost] Master is after the mail.  I would say that [we] are getting along as well as usual.  The Boys are homesick and some of them will go home in a short time, some of them are sick.  Freeman [1] is sick and will leave for home this week, also Heath [2] and Burbank [3] will go too and some others want to leave, but I think they will stay a spell longer.  Our company is in as good shape as anyone in the Regt, and the best one in the Regt.  John is better this morning.  Good by.  I write you again tomorrow or next day.


C.S. Edwards


Light age toning and minor wear. Very fine. Excellent content with references to the recently fought 1st battle of Bull Run which the 5th Maine Infantry had participated in. Signed with nice full signature.


[1] Charles Freeman, a 14 year old resident of Bethel, enlisted on July 24, 1861, as a drummer boy, and was mustered into the 5th Maine Infantry. He was captured on July 21, 1861, at the 1st battle of Bull Run, Va., and confined in prison in Richmond, Va. He was released on November 15, 1861, at Richmond, and was discharged for disability on Christmas Day, December 25, 1861.


[2] Clement S. Heath was a 39 year old resident of Bethel, Maine when he enlisted as a private on June 24, 1861, and was mustered into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was discharged on August 3, 1861.


[3] Stephen Burbank, was a 44 year old resident from Gorham, Maine, when he enlisted as a musician on June 24, 1861, and was mustered into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was discharged on August 3, 1861.  <b>Artillery


Writes of the Great Christian Revival in the Army of Northern Virginia not long after the battle of Gettysburg!</b>


4 pages, 5 x 7 1/4, in ink, written by Private Philip Samuel Mosby, to his sister, Polly G. Woodson. Very neat and well written Confederate letter.


<b><u>Orange Ct. House, [Virginia] Aug.19th, 1863</b></u>


My Dear Sister,


I joyfully received you kind favor of the 22nd of July and hasten to reply the morning after getting it. I got one of the same date from Nancy, and it really looked to me that fortune had smiled upon me getting two letters from home at once although they took 26 days to reach me.  All that you both wrote was news to me. It is useless for me to say anything about Merry as the last I saw of him he belonged to Company I, a loafer, if he has not been home before now you may look for him soon. I hope he will stay in "I" as long as the war lasts if he can, and if there is any chance for him to do so without imposing his hand, I hope he will as he is no danger now since getting to be as the only danger "I" is in far from home the Yankees may play the grub game on them, but they will soon release them as they soon prove a curse to any country. Merry and myself go to see each other whenever we get in striking distance and have a good deal of our old dry fun. You will remember his old expression that there is no harm in old dry. I wish I could see him now but you may rest assured he is all right as I have heard from him on this side of the Potomac and the Yanks did not get him. Polly I reckon you are better able to judge what kind of creatures we are fighting since you have seen them. I was glad to hear the thieves treated you as respectfully as they did. We never have met them yet that we did not make them get further. I don’t feel under any obligations to the creatures for not calling on me.  I look upon that as providential and feel that our creator is heaping blessings upon me.  I was glad to hear from John and Joe as I haven’t heard from them since I went to Yankee land.  John feels to me if possible more than a brother. I never will forget his and Martin’s kindness to my family. He did not stay in service long enough to learn the slight of hand in pressing things into service. While in Yankee land I did not eat anything but my rations for I could not press as many of our men did and would not offer to buy as they had no use for our money. I have cleared my conscience thus far throughout the war and mean to do so as long as I stay in service. I was truly glad to hear B.F. Wittshire has gotten home. I hope the poor fellow will be able to stay. I am truly sorry for Mrs. Whittshire. I hope Frank will not be permanently injured as so much depends on him. Present my best regards to him and the family. As you all have heard of all of the boys before now I will not say anything about them more than I believe they are all safe that you inquired about. I was very sorry to hear of the death of Thommy Johnson. I hope the poor fellow is better off. I am truly sorry for your Uncle Peter. He has had a great deal of trouble. I hope it will put him to thinking of the future. I reckon poor Zence is not long for this world but she will be better off.  I told Josiah of the report of his being wounded it was true he was struck by a ball, but the skin was not broken. Joe sends his respects to you all. He is as good a fellow as ever lived. We are together all of the time. I saw J.H. Duggins [1] a few days ago. He is well and as dry and jokey as ever. Lucien Simms is also well, as well as the rest of the boys in his company from our neighborhood. A.B. Nacholds came to camp the other day and brought me the most glorious tidings that could possibly have reached my ears. I hope it is all true you must let me hear in your next. The news was this that all of you all and Nancy had joined the church after making a public profession of eternal happiness in the world. Polly you can’t imagine my feelings when I heard it. It is just what I have been praying for mos. When only my God and myself knew of it, my sister it seems to me that this war must end as there is so much religion in our land, great revivals are going on at home as well as in the army. We have meetings right here at us every night here of late. Joe and myself go every night together. Last night I did not sleep more than 3 hours after getting from meeting as I had to go on guard soon after getting to camp.  Last night I saw upwards of twenty men go up to join the church. You can’t imagine the pleasantness of my feelings when I witnessed it and thought of those so dear to me at home. I wish I could be with you all now and hope and pray and believe I will ere long as our army seems so much bent on seeking the Lord while he may be found. To see the men in the woods with their muskets stacked around them day and night on their knees asking God to have mercy on their souls is a glorious sight to one who feels an interest in the future. Nan told me in her last that Martin had an idea of joining my company. I hope he will as we might be very useful to each other as company besides all of this. I think this much the safest branch of service and I think it is the duty of every married man to save himself in any honorable way so he can in times like these. Martin feels as a dear brother to me. Tell him and all to write to me. Give my best love to all and tell them to write to me. You must write often. My greatest pleasure is to read a letter from some of you. I must close praying the blessing of our heavenly father on us all.


From your affect. brother,

Phil

Direct to Longstreet’s Corps, Alexander’s Battln., Woolfolk’s Co.


Philip Samuel Mosby enlisted as a private in the Hanover Light Artillery in Hanover County, Virginia, on March 25, 1862. When the battery broke up in October 1862, Mosby transferred to the Ashland Light Artillery on the eight day of that month. At some point during the month of July 1864, Mosby was detailed to the Medical Department of than General Edward Porter Alexander's Artillery Battalion for duty under Surgeon, Doctor Henry Vincent Gray, where he no doubt saw the horrors of war from an even closer more personal perspective. Discharged from the Confederate Army on November 12, 1864, Mosby returned to Hanover County where he began a successful career as a carpenter. 


Very well written letter by Philip S. Mosby a month and a half after General Lee's defeat at the battle of Gettysburg, as Lee's army regroups in Orange Court House, Virginia. There is some excellent content in the letter regarding the Great Christian Revival in the Army of Northern Virginia, and more. This letter was sold by Raynor's Historical Collectibles Auctions in November 2005 and clearly documents that the letter writer was Philip S. Mosby, of the Ashland Light Artillery. A copy of the auction lot write up will be included with this letter. I recently acquired it from the private collection it has been in since the Raynor Auction 12 years ago.


[1] The J.H. Duggins that Mosby mentions in his letter was Josiah H. Duggins, who enlisted on August 16, 1861, at Ashland, Va., as a sergeant, and was mustered into the Ashland Virginia Light Artillery. He was wounded in action at the hard fought battle of Fredericksburg, Va., on December 13, 1862. His place and date of discharge are unknown. He does however appear active on Confederate muster rolls as late as January 15, 1865.


In Mosby's closing he directs his sister to have the folks direct their letters to Longstreet's Corps, Alexander's Battalion, Woolfolk's Company. He is referring to General James Longstreet, commander of the 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia; Colonel Edward Porter Alexander, Chief of General Longstreet's Artillery Corps; and Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, Jr., the commander of the Ashland Virginia Light Artillery. Captain Woolfolk was severely wounded on July 2, 1863, at the battle of Gettysburg, receiving a severe gunshot wound to his right shoulder. Woolfolk was later captured on June 1, 1864, at Bowling Green, Ky., when Longstreet's Corps transferred to The Army of Tennessee. Woolfolk was confined at White House, Va., Washington, D.C., and Fort Delaware, Del., until being exchanged at Fortress Monroe, Va., on September 1, 1864.


Very desirable and scarce 1863 Confederate Ashland Virginia Light Artillery letter!


WBTS Trivia: Of the 103 members of the Ashland Light Artillery engaged at the battle of Gettysburg, 27 per cent were killed or wounded. This hard fought Virginia Artillery regiment surrendered at Appomattox Court House with only 2 officers and 64 men left. Captain Picheqru Woolfolk, Jr. was in command.             



  


Authentic, original hand tinted color woodcut engraving that was published in the Harper's Weekly issue of June 20, 1863. Caption: The Battle Of Jackson, Mississippi, May 14, 1863- Charge by General Crocker's Division. Sketched by Mr. Theodore R. Davis. 14 1/2 x 6 1/2. Harper's Weekly and date are printed in the margin.

Negroes Escaping Out Of Slavery $125.00

 

5th Maine Infantry Letter

 

1863 Confederate Artilleryman's Letter, $350.00

 

The Battle of Jackson, Mississippi




<b>United States Congressman from Virginia


Loyal Virginia Unionist during the Civil War!


Arrested multiple times by the Confederate Government


Arrested in his home in Culpeper County, Virginia by General J.E.B. Stuart, on October 12, 1863</b>


(1802-69) Born in Dumfries, Va., he was a lawyer and politician who stayed true to the Union. The most conspicuous arrest made during the Civil War under the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus was that of this prominent Virginia citizen who had been a large part of the political life of Virginia for 30 years. He had served as a member of the Virginia State Legislature and the U.S. House of Representatives. He was a staunch opponent of secession declaring his state had no right to secede, and said that the leaders in the South were conspirators. He was arrested on March 2, 1862, in his home in Richmond, and confined in jail for several weeks. Through a personal interview with Confederate Secretary of War, George W. Randolph, he finally obtained permission to remain in his own home in Richmond, upon taking an oath to say nothing more that was prejudicial to the Confederacy. Tiring of confinement in his house, he purchased a farm in Culpeper County, Va., and moved there in January 1863. From there he started up again to denounce secession. His home was always full of Confederate officers and Union generals and he was arrested once again by orders of General J.E.B. Stuart, on October 12, 1863, but was soon released without further molestation.


<u>Signature</u>: 5 x 1 1/4, in ink, Jno. M. Botts. Very desirable autograph!  


<b>Written by an officer who was captured at Winchester, Va., and who died as a P.O.W.!


From Libby Prison, Richmond, Virginia</b>


1 1/2 pages, 5 3/4 x 9, in pencil, written by Lieutenant Levi Lupton, to his wife and children. 


<b><u>Libby Prison, Oct. 23rd, 1863</b></u>


My Dear Wife and Children,


After my love to you I will inform [you] that I am well in body and hope these few lines may find you all in good health.  It is three months today since my arrival in this prison and oh it seems like an age for to be shut up in one house without the privilege of any more than looking out of the windows. Well dear, the Lord only knows what I have suffered in mind in regard to you. I have not heard a word from you for six weeks and my anxiety about you is almost unbearable, but I must try and do the best I can still hoping that it will not be long until I get home. All I can do for you is to pray for you which I try to do oftener than the morning sun and Dear I want you to pray for me that the good Lord may keep me faithful and oh may he uphold you and give you strength to bear up under the trials that you have to endure for I think you have more than your share, so good by Dear. May the Lord bless you is the prayer of your loving husband.


Lt. Levi Lupton


Written on the reverse side of the letter is:


6 o’clock evening


Dear wife since writing the within I recd. your letter of the 12th and was rejoiced to hear that you were in reasonable health. May God keep you so is the prayer of your loving husband.


Lt. Lupton


To: Mrs. E.H. Lupton

Jerusalem

Monroe Co.

Ohio


Light age toning and some scattered staining. You can feel the emotion of Levi as it drips from every word in this sad letter, especially knowing that all he wants is to be able to rejoin his little family in Ohio. It is heartbreaking as you read his very emotional letters knowing that his dreams will never be fulfilled as he dies in a Rebel prison in 1864.   


Levi Lupton, was 39 years old, when he enlisted on July 25, 1862, at Columbus, Ohio, as a 2nd lieutenant. He was commissioned into Co. C, 116th Ohio Infantry, on September 19, 1862, at Gallipolis, Ohio. He was promoted to 1st lieutenant on June 13, 1863, but was never mustered at that rank because he was captured the next day, June 14, 1863, at Winchester, Va. He spent time confined in Libby Prison, Richmond, Va., and at Macon, Ga., and Charleston, S.C., where he died on September 12, 1864.  


Authentic, original woodcut engraving, that has been hand tinted in color, and was published in the February 1, 1862 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: Released Prisoners Returning To The Camp Of The Thirty-First Regiment New York Volunteers, Franklin's Division, From Richmond, Virginia. Sketched by A.R. Waud. 15 1/4 x 10 1/4. Harper's Weekly and date are printed in the margin.  Measuring approximately 7 ½ inches in total length (not counting the lanyard loop) this antique awl shows the original draw file marks under a deep natural iron patina on the metal and sports a grip of sail cord macramé.  A <I>must have</I> hand tool of the 19th century working sailor, aloft and on the deck, a stout awl suspended from a neck lanyard was ever present to aid in sail repair, <I>picking</I> knots or, in a pinch would serve as an effective weapon.  Entirely hand made with a classic nautical macramé grip this piece retains a collection inventory number.  A nice original period piece for the Civil War era nautical enthusiast.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !

Autograph, John Minor Botts $45.00

 

116th Ohio Infantry Letter $125.00

 

Released Prisoners Returning to the Camp

 

antique macramé – SAILOR’S AWL $65.00




Criswell #125. Vignette of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and nice view of the Confederate capitol city of Richmond, Virginia, at the upper right. Dejected figure of Liberty at the bottom. Some of the original coupons are still attached. One of the most popular of all War Between the States Confederate bonds. Very fine.  


Unused, 8 x 10 3/4, illustrated letter sheet with a beautiful, large panoramic view of the city of Washington, D.C. Published by Charles Magnus & Co., 12 Frankfort St., N. York. Extremely desirable Magnus Civil War era letter sheet featuring our nation's capitol city. Excellent condition.  


1863 Confederate postage stamps. Scott #11. Corner block of four 10 cents, Confederate States of America, postage stamps with bust of President Jefferson Davis. Printed by Archer & Daly, Richmond, Va. Large portion of the blank sheet is visible to the left of the stamps. Light corner and edge wear but in unused condition.  

 <b>in the Department of North Carolina


Signed by Archer Anderson, who was severely wounded at Sharpsburg, and was the son of prominent Confederate General Joseph Reid Anderson!


Also includes an A.E.S. by Lieutenant Colonel Charles W. Broadfoot</b>


8 x 10, imprinted form, filled out in ink.


Head-Quarters Department of North Carolina,

Wilmington, N. Carolina, Feby. 7th, 1865


Special Orders

No.35


Leaves of absence are granted to the following officers for the periods set opposite their names:


Lieut. Col. C.W. Broadfoot, 1st Regiment Reserves for 14 days.


Trav. furnished in Kind from Raleigh to Fayetteville, No. 906, Feb. 20th, 1865.


J.M. McGowan

Capt. A.Q.M.


By order of General Bragg

Archer Anderson

A.A.G.


To Lieut. Col. Broadfoot

Through Brig. Genl. Baker


<u>Endorsements on the reverse</u>:


Trans. furnished in kind from Kinston to Raleigh, N.C., No. 405, Feby.16/65

O.S. Dewey

Capt. & A.G.


Kinston, N.C.

Feb. 16/65


I certify that I have been an enlisted man in the C.S. Army for more than twelve months and have never had transportation in kind or commutation of money in lieu thereof.


C.W. Broadfoot

Lt. Col. 1st R.R.N.C.


Light age toning and wear. Tiny paper chip out of the upper left corner not affecting any of the content. Scarce and very desirable Department of North Carolina imprinted form with the signature of the prominent Confederate officer and later President of the famous Tredegar Ironworks Archer Anderson, and a war date autograph endorsement signed by prominent North Carolinian Charles W. Broadfoot, as well as two other Confederate officers.


<u>Charles W. Broadfoot</u>: (1842-1919) He was an 18 year old student at the University of North Carolina when he enlisted as a private on July 15, 1861, and was mustered into Company H, 1st North Carolina Infantry. He was mustered out of this regiment on November 12, 1861. He then served in Company D, 43rd North Carolina Infantry, also known as the "Cumberland Plough Boys," and was discharged for promotion on September 7, 1862, being commissioned 1st Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp, on the staff of General Theophilus H. Holmes, who was his uncle. On July 1, 1864, he was commissioned into the Field & Staff of the 1st North Carolina Reserve Infantry, with rank of lieutenant colonel and colonel. His date and method of discharge are unknown. After the war, in 1870, Charles was elected to the state legislature. He served as Dean of the Cumberland County Bar, and was elected as a trustee of the University of North Carolina in 1911. His father, William Giles Broadfoot, was a Confederate official in the C.S.A. Depository at Fayetteville, North Carolina.


<u>Colonel Archer Anderson</u>: Born at the home of his maternal grandfather, Robert Archer, at Old Point Comfort, at Fortress Monroe, he was the eldest of the dozen children of Confederate General Joseph Reid Anderson. After they moved to Richmond in 1841, his father became an industrial leader and played an important role in the Confederate war effort. Archer Anderson attended Turner's Classical School and then entered the University of Virginia at the age of fifteen. He completed his degree in two years and traveled to Europe where he studied at the University of Berlin before returning to the University of Virginia in 1858 to study law. In 1859, he returned to Europe and married Mary Anne Mason, daughter of the United States Minister to France. He served in Co. F, 1st Virginia Volunteers, a militia unit consisting of prominent men from Richmond, Va. When the War Between the States broke out, they became part of the 21st Virginia Infantry and fought in the Seven Days Battles and at Sharpsburg, where Archer Anderson was severely wounded and he lay unconscious on the field for almost ten hours. He was transferred to the Army of Tennessee, and fought at the battle of Chickamauga. Promoted to rank of lieutenant colonel, he participated at that Army's last battle at Bentonville, N.C. Thereafter he joined his father at the Tredegar Ironworks in Richmond, and in 1867 was appointed as secretary and treasurer. After his father's death in 1892, he was elected as the president of Tredegar Ironworks. Under his leadership the firm realized strong dividends. He was also active in a variety of civic and veterans organizations and delivered the oration at the dedication of the statue of General Robert E. Lee on Monument Ave., in Richmond, Virginia, in 1890.


<u>Oliver S. Dewey</u>: was a staff officer of the Confederate General Staff.


I was unable to find any further information about Captain McGowan other than he was a Confederate staff officer.

1863 Confederate $1, 000 Bond- Jefferson $125.00

 

City of Washington, D. C. Illustrated Let $35.00

 

Corner Block of Four Confederate 10 Cent $125.00

 

Leave of Absence for Confederate Lieuten $250.00

An especially nice item for the antique writing instrument collector, an attractive companion piece laid in a writing desk or displayed with a period ink well, we have a small number of original writing quills and are offering them here <U>individually priced</U> for the collector who would enjoy an original example for display.  Each of these original goose writing quills measures approximately 9 1/2 inches in length and remains in fine un-used condition.  These writing quills were acquired in their period slip top box with original label proclaiming the content as <B>CONGRESS QUILL PENS</B><U> which identifies the pens as the product of </U> <B>E. DeYoung</B> who is listed as a New York quill cutter from 1846 to 1854.  (see: <I>New York Historical Society Museum</I> and the <I>American Antiquarian Society,</I> Worcester, Massachusetts collections. (Each period quill pen will come with a copy of the original CONGRESS QUILL PENS label.)  A scarce acquisition for the antique writing instrument enthusiast.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


 Not sure what’s there today but the last time we visited the Jefferson Davis home in Richmond, Virginia they had one of these string actuated tops set out on display with other period toys in the upstairs Davis children play room. A classic toy of the Civil War era, this period example is a scarce find indeed as unlike most that got used up with the parts separated and eventually thrown out, this one somehow survived intact even to the period string.  All in nice original condition yet with pleasing evidence of period us, this hand crafted wooden top will fit well in any Civil War vintage toy collection and will make a wonderful companion piece period children’s things.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  Our illustrations will do best to describe this Civil War vintage item except to advise that the two piece rock maple shoe last measures 10 7/16 inches from toe to the back of the heal and both pieces are marked <B>WHITMARSH PAT. 1864</B>   Our research identified the patentee as <I>Henry M. Whitmarsh</I>, listed as a resident <I>manufacturer</I> of Abington, Massachusetts in the 1860 U. S. Census.  A bit of a variation from the 1864 drawing, this example has the subject iron plate on the heel rather than the toe as illustrated in the drawing.   Well established as a <I>one industry</I>town (shoemaking) by the 19th century, at the time of the outbreak of the Civil War, Abington, Mass. was well positioned to respond to the Union’s desperate demand for footwear with major contracts for boots and shoes satisfied by Abington cobblers. 


 This Type III Grand Army of the Republic membership medal remains in excellent condition with its original ribbon remaining in equally nice condition.  Of significance to the <I>deep-dish</I> GAR enthusiast will be that this example offers the rarely seen numbers on back side points.  While such numbering was reserved for the earliest Type III medals held for issue to <B> National Officers</B>, this is the only known example of the appearance of <U>two</U> numbers on each of two points (see illustration).   Not to be confused with the letter and serial number appearing on the <U>edge</U> of later design membership medals, the information on these numbered Type III medals may be found in Robert J. Wolz’s fine G.A.R. reference <I>GRAND ARMY MEN – The GAR and its male organizations </I>.  Per Wolz who refers to Gen. Frederick Starring who designed the Type III, stating that the first of the new medals <U>were presented to national officers and numbered</U>.  Starring received No. 1 which remains in the family to this day.  Frequently referred to as the Medal of Honor type for its similarity to the Congressional Medal (particularly the design of the eagle), the type three was patent dated <B>Dec. 28, 1869</B> (see illustration) and was the first of the eagle with suspended star variations.  Some variation in color from medal to medal is attributed to the GAR requiring that the medals be struck from the bronze of captured Confederate cannon.  As this supply ran out, later examples were struck from standard (consistent) alloy.  A rare early example from the largest and most influential of  Civil War veteran organizations.  

<B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!

original c. 1846-54 CONGRESS QUILL PENN b $55.00

 

19th century toy TOP

 

Henry M. Whitmarsh - PAT. 1864 SHOE LAS $95.00

 

Rare!! NUMBERED - Type III G. A. R. Memb $425.00

Measuring approximately 7 inches in total length, this wonderful old feather cockade remains in excellent original condition as you can see and comes as found with its period straight pin for fastening.  The un-backmarked period one piece disk button shows a pleasing age patina.  A rare accessory for your original Civil War or earlier military hat, we acquired four of these from an attic storage box years ago and as we <I>thin out</I> have decided to keep one and offer the remaining cockades individually priced.  Most frequently associated with uniform <I>slouch</I> and <I>Hardee</I> type headgear, these embellishments will go equally well on a forage cap.

<B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!

 


<b>Important note dealing with the concern caused by the inflation of Confederate Bonds & Currency in late 1863!</b>


4 pages, 7 3/4 x 12 1/4.


State of North Carolina


Know all men by these presents that I William G. Broadfoot of the County of Cumberland & State of North Carolina am held & firmly bound unto Geo. B. Wetmore, of the County of Rowan & same state in the sum of Three Thousand Five Hundred Dollars good & lawful money which sum will & truly be paid to him the said George B. Wetmore, his heirs, executors, administrators & assigns.  I bind myself, my heirs, executors, administrators & assigns firmly by these presents.  Witness my hand & seal this 19th day of Sept. A.D., 1863.


The condition of this obligation is such that whereas the above bounder, William G. Broadfoot hath this day borrowed from the said, Geo. B. Wetmore, the sum of Three Thousand Five Hundred Dollars in Confederate Bonds & notes and whereas such funds are greatly depreciated in value so that Gold & Silver are worth therein a premium of One Thousand to Twelve Hundred per cent- Bank notes, Lands & Slaves are worth about three times their old value, Provisions & Fabrics from six to twelve times- and whereas the money hereby borrowed has been raised by the sale of the Rockingham Hotel for which the said Geo. B. Wetmore has this day received in Confederate Bonds & money three times as much as it would bring under a sound state of the currency to wit.  Three Thousand Five Hundred Dollars- And whereas the said George B. Wetmore does not wish to receive in payment of the debt hereby incurred the same funds nor any similar thereto except under circumstances greatly changed, but prefers to receive at some future date in Gold & Silver or in funds equivalent thereto a much smaller amount to wit the sum of One Thousand Seven Hundred & Fifty Dollars, and whereas the said William G. Broadfoot being able to use the money here by borrowed to advantage at this time, doth agree, whether the present war shall result in favor of the Confederate States or adversely to them, at some future day to wit, whenever either by the establishment of peace, by the resumption of Specie Payment on the part of the banks, or by any other means, Gold & Silver or any funds equivalent thereto shall become a part of the regular currency of our country, to pay to the said George B. Wetmore the sum of One Thousand Seven Hundred & Fifty Dollars Gold & Silver or in funds equivalent thereto- he the said William G. Broadfoot being entitled if he claims the same to three months notice.  And whereas the said William G. Broadfoot hath agreed to pay to the said Geo. B. Wetmore the annual sum of Two Hundred & Ten Dollars as interest on the aforesaid debt in Confederate notes & in case of such notes becoming incurrent the said such interest to be paid in some current funds worth in proportion to prices as heretofore set forth, not less that the value now of Confederate notes and whereas in case of such of both the parties hereto or their legal representatives (if either or both of them should die before final settlement) it is agreed that the said William G. Broadfoot shall pay such sum at another time & in other funds as may be satisfactory to all concerned to be determined either by themselves or failing that, then by arbitrators and to be chosen by either side & or third by the two thus chosen all to be done by agreement & consent- And any such settlement other than that provided in chief in Gold & Silver or equivalent Gold & Silver herein agreed upon, also with reference to the prices of Land, Slaves & other things already alluded to as such things sell compared with the prices which they may be at the time of settlement. Now then if the said William G. Broadfoor shall pay to the said Geo. B. Wetmore the annual interest of Two Hundred & Ten Dollars or herein agreed & shall also pay a final settlement in Gold & Silver or in funds equivalent thereto the sum of One Thousand Seven Hundred & Fifty Dollars & shall otherwise comply with the agreement herein contained. Then this obligation to be void, otherwise to remain in full force & effect.


Notations and figures written on the last page, Bk. of Fayetteville, Sept. 19, 1863.


Light age toning and some scattered light staining.


William Giles Broadfoot, (1806-72), the borrower, was the father of two Confederate soldiers, Charles W. Broadfoot, and George B. Broadfoot. William Giles Broadfoot was a Confederate official in the C.S.A. Depository at Fayetteville, North Carolina. 


George B. Wetmore, the lender, was a lawyer and Episcopal priest from Rowan County, North Carolina.


This is an important Confederate North Carolina promissory note dealing with the repayment of a loan in the amount of $3,500. By late 1863 concerns were being raised in the Confederacy over the value of C.S.A. bonds and currency which causes the lender in this case, George B. Wetmore, to want the repayment of this note to be made in gold and silver instead of Confederate bonds and currency. Wetmore has even agreed to settle for half the amount owed him if paid in gold and silver. This note is a rare commentary on the inflation of Confederate bonds and currency in 1863! Very desirable war date Confederate bonds and currency related document.    

  


<b>Chief of Artillery, of General James Longstreet's 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia


It was Alexander's guns that bombarded the Union lines on Cemetery Ridge in preparation for the immortal Pickett's Charge, at Gettysburg, on July 3, 1863!


From Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, Ashland Virginia Light Artillery, who was severely wounded during the battle of Gettysburg and captured at Bowling Green, Kentucky!</b>


War date Confederate envelope with pair of 5 cents Jeff Davis (Scott #7) postage stamps, with ink cancellation. Addressed by Confederate Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, in ink, to Col. E.P. Alexander, Care Genl. Longstreet, Bragg's Army, Kingston, Georgia. Milford, Va., Sept. 24, is written in ink at the top of the cover, and it is docketed at the left edge in a bold pencil hand, Pich. Woolfolk, Sept. 24/63. Very fine. Extremely desirable!


<b><u>General Edward Porter Alexander</b></u>: (1835-1910) Born in Washington, Ga., he graduated from West Point in the class of 1857. He was appointed a captain of engineers in the Confederate army in May of 1861, and served as General Beauregard's signal officer at the battle of 1st Manassas, Va. Afterwards, he became chief of ordnance of the Army of Northern Virginia, with rank of lieutenant colonel, then chief of artillery of General James Longstreet's 1st Corps. He participated in most of the early battles of the Army of Northern Virginia, and it was at Gettysburg where Alexander's 75 guns raked the Union line on Cemetery Ridge in preparation for Pickett's Charge, on July 3, 1863. He accompanied Longstreet to Chickamauga, Ga., and Knoxville, Tenn., and was in the thick of the fighting at Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg, Va., where he was severely wounded. He rejoined the army in time to make their last march to Appomattox Court House where he surrendered.


<b><u>Captain Pichegru Woolfolk</b></u>: He enlisted on August 14, 1861, at Ashland, Va., as a captain, and was commissioned into the Ashland Virginia Light Artillery. He was cited for gallantry by Colonel E.P. Alexander in the battle of Fredericksburg, Va., on December 13, 1862. He was severely wounded by a gunshot wound to the right shoulder on July 2, 1863, during the battle of Gettysburg. He was captured on June 1, 1864, at Bowling Green, Kentucky, and confined at White House, Va., Washington, D.C., Fort Delaware, Delaware, and was exchanged on September 1, 1864, at Fortress Monroe, Virginia. He returned to duty and was recommended for promotion to major on March 24, 1865. Described as being 6 foot tall with black hair, he was killed on April 27, 1870, when the floor of the Virginia State Capitol, in Richmond, Va., collapsed. 

 


2 pages, 6 1/2 x 8, in ink, written by William G. Broadfoot, a Confederate Treasury Official during the war, to his son Charles who was a Confederate officer.


<b><u>Fayetteville, [North Carolina], Aug. 30th, 1865</b></u>

 

My Dear Charles,


Yours of the 23d inst. was recd. yesterday. I write today in reply as your Mother writes & as you know the family turn is to do what has to be done & be done with it while the letter will not leave till day after tomorrow morning. I have not been so much gratified in many months as I was & am by the tenor & temper of your letter. I bless & thank God for it- my son it is only in this manner that the trials & troubles & grinding hardships even of this life may be borne in comfort & finally surmounted. Let patience have her perfect work, take calmly as we may the annoyances & drawbacks we meet suffering do discouragement at the proficiency we seem to be making, keeping our object steadily in view- and keep more or less abundant is surely  to come- again I bless God that he keeps & directs my son. The chances are all against us in the political world. We may at least hold back and not aid in running the machine to ruin- this now seems to be all that true men can do but let us ever remember that God ruleth. Let us endeavor to bear our misfortunes like men- in good time we shall recognize His fatherly hand. My warmest regards to your Uncle & every member of his household. Johnny Hinsdale is anxious to know if you rec. his letter or letters. I forget which. God bless my son.


Your aft.[affectionate] F.[ather]   


Bold and neatly written letter with some excellent end of war content whereby the elder Broadfoot contemplates about their future after losing the war.   


This letter was written by William Giles Broadfoot, (1806-72), the father of Confederate soldiers Charles W. Broadfoot, and George B. Broadfoot, (1844-85) (5th North Carolina Cavalry). The elder Broadfoot was a Confederate official in the C.S.A. Depository at Fayetteville, North Carolina. 


The recipient of this letter, Charles Wetmore Broadfoot, (1842-1919), was an 18 year old student at the University of North Carolina when he enlisted as a private on July 15, 1861, and was mustered into Company H, 1st North Carolina Infantry. He was mustered out of this regiment on November 12, 1861. He then served in Company D, 43rd North Carolina Infantry, also known as the "Cumberland Plough Boys," and was discharged for promotion on September 7, 1862, being commissioned 1st Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp, on the staff of General Theophilus H. Holmes, who was his uncle.** On July 1, 1864, he was commissioned into the Field & Staff of the 1st North Carolina Reserve Infantry, with rank of lieutenant colonel and colonel. His date and method of discharge are unknown. After the war, in 1870, Charles was elected to the state legislature. He served as Dean of the Cumberland County Bar, and was elected as a trustee of the University of North Carolina in 1911.


This note came out of a small grouping of Broadfoot family letters and documents that I acquired a couple of years ago. 


** Frances "Fannie" Rebecca Wetmore Broadfoot (1825-92), was the wife of William G. Broadfoot, and the mother of Charles W. Broadfoot. Fannie's older sister, Laura Jane Wetmore, was married to Confederate General Theophilus H. Holmes.

Original Civil War & earlier - ostrich f $125.00

 

1863 North Carolina Promissory Note $150.00

 

1863 Confederate Cover Addressed to Colo $250.00

 

Letter to Ex-Confederate North Carolina $65.00




<b>VICTORY! 


Overwhelming Defeat of the Rebel Army


Official Dispatches of President Lincoln 


Superb fall of Petersburg, Virginia issue!</b>


8 pages. VICTORY! Official Dispatches from President Lincoln, General Grant and Secretary Stanton. The Decisive Struggle of the War in Progress. Grant and Lee Personally Directing Their Forces. Desperate Bravery Displayed on Both Sides. Glorious Results After Three Days Continuous Fighting. Overwhelming Defeat of the Rebel Army. Capture of Twelve Thousand Prisoners and more than Fifty Pieces of Artillery. Complete Investment of Petersburg. Our Lines Extend from the River Below to the River Above the City. Destruction Of The Southside Railroad. Accounts from Our Special Correspondents. The Battle on Friday. The Cavalry Operations. The Celebration at Fort Sumter. Restoration of the Stars and Stripes at Fort Sumter. Henry Ward Beecher's Announcement to his Congregation That he Will Give an Address. Dreadful Fire at Sea. Five Hundred Lives Lost. The U.S. Transport Steamer General Lyon Burned Off Cape Hatteras. Invalid Troops, Refugees, and Women and Children Onboard, and much more. Excellent end of war content as the major rail hub city of Petersburg, Virginia falls, and General Robert E. Lee's army will surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant army at Appomattox Court House in less than a week! Extremely desirable issue.     


<b>Written by an officer who was captured at Winchester, Va., and who died as a P.O.W.!


From Libby Prison, Richmond, Virginia</b>


9 3/4 x 8, in ink, written by Lieutenant Levi Lupton, to his wife. The upper left corner and the lower right corner of the paper have been torn off. This causes the loss of a few words, but most of the content of the letter is easily readable. 


<b><u>Libby Prison, Dec. 19th, 1863</b></u>


[Dear] Wife,


After my love to you and the children, I will inform you that I am in reasonable health of body and hope these few lines may find you well. I have very little to write that will interest you at this time. It only wants four days of being 6 months time I was brought to this prison and it is a long time to be confined to one house, and the prospect don’t look so very bright for getting out, yet I hope our Government will do something for us soon in the way of an exchange. There was two men got out about one week ago. They bribed the guards. 6 more have tried since and got detected. It is a very dangerous experiment to try to tamper with the guards and as to the paying part that would be out of my power as I am very near out of money and I would rather bide my time then to run the risk of having a bullet hole made in my worthless carcass, but enough of this.  I sit and study about you and the children until I get almost wild with the thoughts of being separated so from you Dear. I just ate the last of those green apples that you sent me and they were mighty good. I want you to try and keep in as good heart as possible under the circumstances hoping that it will be all for the best. Dear pray for me and [?] [?] [?] [?] good Lord bless you and keep you safe is the prayer of your lov[ing] [husband].


Lieut. Levi [Lupton]


Written on the reverse:


From Lt. Levi Lupton

To Mrs. E.H. Lupton

Jerusalem,

Monroe Co.,

Ohio


Besides the paper loss described above the letter shows some light age toning and a few scattered stains. Although a few words of the content are lost, probably less than six, this letter still has some excellent content, especially when you read it through the prism of knowledge that Lieutenant Lupton would never make it home alive to see his wife and children that he obviously loved so much!  


Levi Lupton, was 39 years old, when he enlisted on July 25, 1862, at Columbus, Ohio, as a 2nd lieutenant. He was commissioned into Co. C, 116th Ohio Infantry, on September 19, 1862, at Gallipolis, Ohio. He was promoted to 1st lieutenant on June 13, 1863, but was never mustered at that rank because he was captured the next day, June 14, 1863, at Winchester, Va. He spent time confined in Libby Prison, Richmond, Va., and at Macon, Ga., and Charleston, S.C., where he died on September 12, 1864.  


<b>United States Congressman from Virginia 


Civil War Congressman; Serving in West Virginia's First Delegation to the U.S. Congress!</b>


(1800-84) Born in Kingwood, Preston County, Virginia (now West Virginia), he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1823, and commenced practice in Kingwood, Va. Was a member of the Virginia State House of Delegates in 1832 and 1840-43. Served as a U.S. Congressman, 1845-49. Was a delegate to the Virginia State constitutional conventions in 1850 and 1861. Delegate to the Democratic National Conventions at Charleston, S.C., and Baltimore, Md., in 1860. He was elected as a Unionist to the 37th U.S. Congress serving 1861-63. Upon the admission of West Virginia as a state into the Union he was elected as an Unconditional Unionist from West Virginia and served 1863-65.  


<u>Signature With Place</u>: 6 x 2, in ink, Wm. G. Brown, Kingwood, Va.  


<b>Autographed and presented to Len Rosa by the author


Signed a second time by Don Troiani and Brian C. Pohanka on an ornate illustrated bookplate</b>


Art by Don Troiani and Text by Brian C. Pohanka. Foreword by William C. Davis. Published by Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pa., 1995. First Edition. Hard cover with dust jacket, 11 x 8. 216 pages, 112 color photos, 32 black & white photos, 5 drawings. The dust jacket depicts one of Troiani's most popular and desirable paintings titled, "Barksdale's Charge," which took place on July 2, 1863 at Gettysburg. Confederate General William Barksdale, who led the assault, is on horseback and holding his slouch hat and can be seen at the left of the view. Barksdale was mortally wounded leading his Mississippians into the Peach Orchard on that fateful July afternoon. Affixed to the inside cover of the book is a beautiful bookplate featuring armed Union & Confederate soldiers facing each other with the ink autographs of Don Troiani and Brian C. Pohanka between them. The bookplate measures 7 1/4 x 5 1/2. This is virtually a "one of a kind" book with the personal presentation to me with background history of the painting as well as the bookplate signatures. The regular editions that were issued 22 years ago for $50.00 were unsigned. This is the original "first edition" that was presented to me and it is like new condition.


This book comes from my personal library and was given to me as a gift by my friend Don Troiani in 1996. An opportunity presented itself whereby I was able to buy the "one of a kind" original oil painting done by Don from its original owner. Don gave me the book while he was in Gettysburg in 1996 and signed and presented it to me on the first blank page on the inside of the book as follows: "To Len: My compliments on adding the original oil painting of Barksdale's Charge to your collection. I hope it brings you many years of enjoyment. Don Troiani, 7/7/96, Gettysburg, Pa." The original painting remained in my personal collection for many years, and when Don did an art exhibit at the Gettysburg National Military Park he asked me if I would be so kind as to put the painting on display at the park for one year. I gave it to the Gettysburg National Military Park and the painting was prominently displayed in The Gettysburg Cyclorama building with a nice plaque with the name of the painting as well as the artist name, Don Troiani, and it also had my name on it as the owner of the painting. The same information was also published in a program the park had printed for the exhibit.


In the world of historical painting, Don Troiani stands alone, universally acclaimed for the accuracy, drama, and sensitivity of his depictions of America's past. His Civil War paintings and limited edition prints hang in the finest collections in the country and are noted internationally as well. From the sweep of the Gettysburg charge of Barksdale's Mississippians to the pathos of a Confederate private's farewell to his tattered banner, Don Troiani's images define the view all Americans have of that epochal moment in our past.


Don Troian's Civil War- the first collection of his Civil War art to appear in book form- is a chronological depiction of every face of the war. His most famous and popular works- most of which are now in private collections and unavailable for viewing- are all represented here; many rarer pieces, which are not even available in print form, are also included. From beginning to end, the choice of these subjects has been Troiani's, and they represent his comprehensive and nonpartisan view of the Civil War experience. To further illuminate his paintings, he has included many of the original sources from which he draws his inspiration- obscure photographs and drawings as well as letters and diary accounts.


Brian C. Pohanka, a noted authority on Civil War living history and the common soldier, and another good friend of mine, has added evocative text to accompany each work of art. Sadly Brian passed away in 2005 at the age of 50 from cancer. His loss was a major blow to the Civil War community. He was not only extremely knowledgeable of the history of the Civil War, but more importantly was one of the nicest guys you'd ever meet. During the many years that I lived in Gettysburg, Brian could routinely be found on weekends giving living history lessons at the camp sites he constructed to the folks that visited the historic Pennsylvania town and battlefield. Brian also had cameo roles in the Civil War movies, "Glory," and "Gettysburg."  


In words, Pohanka paints the background to the events that Troiani depicts on canvas, making Don Troiani's Civil War an intense and thought provoking experience. It lacks only the sound of the guns to make it complete, and if you look close enough and long enough, you may even hear distant echoes in your mind. [From the dust jacket of Don Troiani's Civil War].

The New York Times, April 3, 1865 $75.00

 

116th Ohio Infantry Letter

 

Autograph, William G. Brown $20.00

 

Don Troiani's Civil War




Authentic, original woodcut engraving that has been hand tinted in color and was published in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. Caption: Extraordinary Scene in Tammany Hall, Col. Wm. Wilson's Zouaves Swearing To Be True To The Stars and Stripes And To Go Through Baltimore Or Die. 15 1/4 x 10. Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper is printed in the margin. Circa 1861.  


<b>Features the Official Gettysburg Battle Report of General George G. Meade


Congratulatory Order of General George G. Meade to his Victorious Army!


Legendary Confederate Cavalry General J.E.B. Stuart's Battle Report!</b> 


16 pages, 10 x 14 1/2, with illustrated masthead depicting a spread winged eagle on and American shield with a riband and the motto, "E. Pluribus Unum." Vol. I. No. 12. New York, Saturday, November 14, 1863. Five Dollars Per Year.


<u>Articles Include</u>:


The Military Situation; Military Education; The Battle of Chickamauga, Ga.; System of Promotions; The Hotchkiss Shell; Guerrilla's Firing Into Steamboats; Communication Between General George H. Thomas and General Ambrose E. Burnside; Ordnance; Infantry Clothing; General William F. Barry's Artillery Report; Circular From General James B. Fry, Provost Marshal General, U.S. Army; Fortifications and Land Defenses; Promotions in the Regular Artillery; Union Officers in the Hands of the Rebels; Army and Navy Personal; Casualties Among Officers in the Late Fight on the Rappahannock; The Removal of General William S. Rosecrans; The Lancers and Dragoons; The Union Advance in Virginia led by General George G. Meade; The New Jersey Volunteers, List of Promotions, Appointments and Casualties in the New Jersey Regiments; The Battle of Bristoe Station; General J.E.B. Stuart's Battle Report; Congratulatory Order of General George G. Meade; The Battle of Gettysburg, General Meade's Official Report; Naval Matters; The Brooklyn Naval Yard; Map of the Illinois Central Railroad; and much more very interesting Civil War news. The paper has a few edge chips, and some tiny edge tears have been repaired with archival document tape, none of which affect any of the content. Superb content especially the Gettysburg news! [Please note that the newspaper is larger than it shows in our illustration on the website as it is too large to fit on our scanner bed. The exact dimensions of the paper are noted at the beginning of this listing and it has full borders]. Very desirable.  


  


8 x 5, in ink, written by William G. Broadfoot, a Confederate Treasury Official, to his son Charles who would be a Confederate colonel during the war. The letter has no place or date. Oftentimes Mr. Broadfoot would include note and letters to Charles in letters that his mother was sending him so he was informal in including the place and date of his letters. 


Dear Charles,


I rec’d yours of the last week & was pleased with its tone & sentiments while we ought to be careful of reflections on others & especially on those of common connections- and now is the time for all Southern people to forget the causes of our troubles & unite as well as we may- in meeting them as men driven to their last citadel & I trust there are many who have contributed much to bring us to the wall- seeing their error will be in the front rank to bring us safely out of our danger.  I am so busy just now.  I can’t write.  I send you a ck. $50- which I hope you will use without difficulty- $10 in notes which is about the same I supposed you will want to bring you home after paying off your other scores.


Yrs.

W.G.B. [William G. Broadfoot]


Written on the reverse is: Could not get the ck. of $50 in time for today’s mail.


Boldly written with excellent content.   


This letter was written by William Giles Broadfoot, (1806-72), the father of Confederate soldiers Charles W. Broadfoot, and George B. Broadfoot, (1844-85) (5th North Carolina Cavalry). The elder Broadfoot was a Confederate official in the C.S.A. Depository at Fayetteville, North Carolina. 


The recipient of this letter, Charles Wetmore Broadfoot, (1842-1919), was an 18 year old student at the University of North Carolina when he enlisted as a private on July 15, 1861, and was mustered into Company H, 1st North Carolina Infantry. He was mustered out of this regiment on November 12, 1861. He then served in Company D, 43rd North Carolina Infantry, also known as the "Cumberland Plough Boys," and was discharged for promotion on September 7, 1862, being commissioned 1st Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp, on the staff of General Theophilus H. Holmes, who was his uncle.** On July 1, 1864, he was commissioned into the Field & Staff of the 1st North Carolina Reserve Infantry, with rank of lieutenant colonel and colonel. His date and method of discharge are unknown. After the war, in 1870, Charles was elected to the state legislature. He served as Dean of the Cumberland County Bar, and was elected as a trustee of the University of North Carolina in 1911.


This note came out of a small grouping of Broadfoot family letters and documents that I acquired a couple of years ago. 


** Frances "Fannie" Rebecca Wetmore Broadfoot (1825-92), was the wife of William G. Broadfoot, and the mother of Charles W. Broadfoot. Fannie's older sister, Laura Jane Wetmore, was married to Confederate General Theophilus H. Holmes.  

 


<b>Written by Captain Clark S. Edwards, future Colonel of the regiment


He commanded the 5th Maine Infantry during the battle of Gettysburg!


Promoted to Brevet Brigadier General


1861 letter with excellent references to the 1st Battle of Bull Run, Virginia</b>


(1824-1903) Edwards was 37 years old when the news of the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter reached the small town of Bethel, Maine.  He was high on a ladder shingling his roof and he immediately climbed down, obtained permission from the appropriate authorities to form a company of volunteers, and set out to gather recruits from Bethel and the surrounding towns.  This group of men became Company I, of the 5th Maine Volunteer Infantry, with Edwards commissioned as their captain on June 24, 1861.  He rose through the ranks and was appointed colonel of the regiment, on January 8, 1863, commanding the 5th Maine Infantry from that date forward. He was promoted to brevet brigadier general, on March 13, 1865, for his gallant and meritorious Civil War service record.


The 5th Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry was one of the first Maine regiments to be mustered into the Union Army.  They fought in many battles from 1st Bull Run to Petersburg.  During the battle of Rappahannock Station the regiment is credited with capturing 4 Confederate battleflags and 1,200 prisoners.  Known as one of Maine's best fighting regiments, it captured more prisoners than the entire number of men who served in the regiment, and three times the number of battle flags than any other Maine regiment.  After three long years of hard fought service only 193 men were mustered out of the regiment when their term of service expired.  Among their battle honors are written the names of 1st Bull Run, Gaines' Mill, 2nd Bull Run, Crampton's Gap, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Rapidan Crossing, Mine Run, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg.


4 pages, 7 1/4 x 9 1/8, in ink, written by Captain Clark S. Edwards, to his wife.

 

<b><u>Clarmount, Va., July 30/61</b></u>


Dear Wife,


I have wrote you some three or four times since I rec. a letter from you the last letter I rec. from you was dated July 17th.  I have been looking for a letter from you the last week.  All the letters I have sent you of late was in frank[ed] envelope[s] and I begin to think you do not receive my letters.  I sent Frank a letter and papers not long since.  I think you are at Waterfall or Hayesburg or you would have written before now. Write me as soon as you receive this. Has Kate got home. Why cannot she write me if you cannot. We are now at Clarmount about four miles from Alexandria and about thirteen miles to Washington. We have the mail received to W.[ashington] every day after it is written. I am now writing on a box in my little tent, not the tent we had at Camp Preble, one not more than half as long. John B. Walker [1] is not very well. I think he will have to go to Washington or some place and have the best of care to stand this climate and still I think it is a beautiful climate, but we are on a low piece of land that a good many will have the shakes or fever ague as it is [a] common disease in this part of the country.  I am well as I was when I left Camp Preble, but not so heavy.  Tell Monroe’s wife that he is well and tuff.  J.B. Hammond [2] is pretty smart. David is in good health and the most of the boys, some of them have got colds, but will be better after they get where the Bull Run fight.  I see some of the Portland papers.  I have not seen a true account of it in any eastern paper, yet I see by the E. Augus[ta] that there was not but two or three officers on the field of battle, but it was a great mistake about all of [the] officers was on the field from one to two hours.  I want you to write me all of the news, write about the children, if they go to school, if they learn well, how they get along.

 

Wednesday Morning, July 31/61


Dear Wife,


I find myself well this morning and I hope you and all of the children are the same.  It is a beautiful morning here in old Va.  The country is beautiful but the Army make everything look bad where it goes.  There is not a garden in this vicinity.  The Boys are up to all sort of depredations.  I would say that I have not heard a word from W.B. Robertson, [3] C. Freeman, [4] and I do not think either one of them are killed.  Robertson & Charley was seen by our Regt. after the battle was over so the folks need not be alarmed about them as they will turn up by & by.  I would say that I am a going out on guard duty tonight and hope I shall have a good time.  It is a little risky business sometimes. Our Regt. is in rather bad condition.  We have not more than quarter tents enough as our tents was with the teams at Bull Run.  We also loss about all of our cooking ware, but are expecting the tents and ware of the First Regt.  They leave for home today by R.[ail] Road.  Some of them I think will be back in a few weeks again.  That is the way they talk.  They have had an easy time compared with our Regt.  They went into camp at Meridian Hill and have been there ever since.  Our Regt. has been on the move ever since we left Camp Preble.  Freeman is going home soon.  I do not know but what he goes today with the First Maine Regt.  He is quite unwell and has been for some time.  There is quite a number of this Regt. that is going home with the First Regt.  Some of them are sick and some of them are afraid they will have to go to Bull Run again, but some of them are really sick.  John Winship [5] is one of that number.  He is a going home today.  I must close as the mail leaves soon.  I cannot think of much to write as I have written you all of the news from day to day.  There was a man in the Saco Co. [Co. C, 5th Maine Infantry] that had a finger shot off by his pistol, but we think nothing of a man getting his finger or hand shot as it is so common a thing.  If you do [not] answer this I shall stop writing as I have not received but five letters from home since I came from Portland.  I write to C. & C.H. Mason a day or two ago and hope they will answer it soon.  Give my love or best respects to the people of Bethel.  Tell them I am alive and doing well and shall go home sometime between this and Dec.  I think Frank, Nellie, Waldo and Mason be good little children, and kiss the baby for me.


Good By for this time,


C.S. Edwards


Light staining. Very fine. Excellent content with references to the recently fought 1st battle of Bull Run which the 5th Maine Infantry had participated in. Signed with nice full signature.


[1] John B. Walker, was a 27 year old resident from Bethel, Maine when he enlisted as a 1st lieutenant, on June 24, 1861, and was commissioned into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was promoted to captain in 1862, and discharged for disability on January 18, 1863.


[2] J.B. Hammond, was a 36 year old resident of Bethel, Maine, when he enlisted as a sergeant, on June 24, 1861, and was mustered into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was discharged on September 27, 1861.


[3] Washington B. Robertson, was a 33 year old resident from Bethel, Maine, when he enlisted as a private on June 24, 1861, and was mustered into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was captured on July 21, 1861, at the 1st battle of Bull Run, and confined in prison in Richmond, Va. He was then sent to Alabama. He deserted on June 15, 1862, and was discharged from the service on September 12, 1862.


[4] Charles Freeman, a 14 year old resident of Bethel, enlisted on July 24, 1861, as a drummer boy, and was mustered into the 5th Maine Infantry. He was captured on July 21, 1861, at the 1st battle of Bull Run, Va., and confined in prison in Richmond, Va. He was released on November 15, 1861, at Richmond, and was discharged for disability on Christmas Day, December 25, 1861.


[5] John O. Winship, was a 22 year old resident of Gorham, Maine, when he enlisted on June 24, 1861, as a sergeant, and was mustered into Co. A, 5th Maine Infantry. He was promoted to 1st sergeant, June 1, 1861, and was discharged on July 28, 1861.

The Swearing In of Colonel William Wilso

 

Army and Navy Journal, November 14, 1863 $75.00

 

Letter Written to Confederate North Caro $75.00

 

5th Maine Infantry Letter $225.00




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