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Untouched and as found with period construction characteristics this tinned sheet iron candle holder looks for all the world to have been fashioned utilizing a 6 ¾ inch diameter <I>haversack</I> size mess plate.  Remaining in excellent condition yet showing good age and period originality, this country made tin plate candle holder will lay in well in any Civil War vintage personal item or lighting display. As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !  Best described here by our photo illustrations this <B><I>WADHAMS Manufacturing Co.</B></I>  gutta-percha / thermoplastic, 9th plate photo case with its <I><B> Kinsley & Parker’s HINGE  Patented June 1st, 1858</I></B>, remains in untouched and as found condition with a small tear to the velvet liner and a minor <I>scuff</I> to the original label but importantly, with <U>no imperfections</U> to the case itself.  A rare photo case (see: Rinehart case No. 15) tight at the hinges and with no cracks, chips, blemishes or other condition issues.    <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! </FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  A bit of an enigma to us, a Google search for <I>The Virginia Co.</I> will offer more insight but suffice it to say here that the antique bass decoration offered here measures approximately 2 ¾ X 3 ¼ inches and features the  Virginia Company coat of arms with <B><I>THE VIRGINIA CO.</B></I> boldly cast in its banner.  The piece was constructed by sand casting and polished on its face all resulting in a loss of fine detail but commensurate with early construction methods.  Untouched on its face with a nice patina polished only by handling, the back of the piece is dark with a rough surface commensurate with period sand casting.   The decoration remains suspended on its well-worn and crudely hand stitched period leather harness strap sectioned to approximately 9 inches in length.   The strap is pierced at the top apparently for display as a wall hanging which is likely how the piece survived.   Formed in the pre-colonial time when the entire eastern seaboard of America was named Virginia from Maine to the Carolinas, the Virginia Company was empowered by the Crown to govern the colonies; this right was not conferred onto the colonies until the dissolution of the Company after considerable hardship and widespread destruction by Natives which all but decimated the English population.  The right to self-government was not taken from the colonies however, thus establishing the wide spread principle among remaining colonists that they should be self-governing.   While the specific history of this piece has been lost in time it is clearly worthy.    <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! </FONT COLOR=#0000FF>



 Best described here by our photo illustrations this peach pit relic is carved in the form of a miniature basket and is embellished by a <B>TEXAS</B> cuff or cap size uniform button.  While the period ink <I>Battlefield Token</I> tag leaves the precise origin of the hand battlefield memory the peach pit is most probably reminiscent of the <I>Peach Orchard</I> and the Battle of Gettysburg.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !

original! Civil War vintage CANDLE HOLDE $65.00

 

rare! Wadhams / Kinsley & Parker’s Pat $115.00

 

important! THE VIRGINIA COMPANY – harne $175.00

 

Civil War ‘Battlefield Token’ – CARVED P $165.00






7 3/4 x 6, in ink.


State of South Carolina

Anderson District


To any lawful officer you are hereby requested to Summons Rachel James to appear before me to answer to the complaint of Dunham & Holcombe in plea of debt, a note for one Dollar & 96/100 cents. Due Dunham & Holcombe one dollar & ninety six cents value recd. January 31st, 1837.


Test. W.E. Holcombe


You will appear at my house on Saturday the 29th of this month at 12 o'clock. Given under my hand & seal this January 21, 1842.


Wm. D. Litton, M.A. with his hand drawn seal at lower right. Docket written on the reverse. 


Staining and light wear. Boldly written.


WBTS Trivia: Rachel James, the subject of this summons, had two sons, Thomas and John, that fought for the Confederacy as South Carolina troops during the War Between the States.  


<b>75th Anniversary of the battle of Gettysburg</b>


9 1/2 x 4 1/8, imprinted, multi-colored envelope. Gettysburg, Blue And Gray Reunion, 75th Anniversary, Battle of Gettysburg, 1938, with illustrations of the United States and Confederate flags, and more. Includes an illustration of the Eternal Light Peace Memorial to be dedicated by President [F.D.] Roosevelt, Sunday, July 3, 1938. Pennsylvania State Commission, John S. Rice, Chairman, Gettysburg, Pa. Excellent condition. Very desirable Gettysburg Blue & Gray Reunion collectible.  


Each shoulder knot has a gold bullion border with black felt interior, and a cuff size U.S. Navy button with eagle and anchor motif. The reverse is lined with black felt, and has a hinged brass fastener and hook. The manufacturer's name, address and trade mark is stamped on the brass fastener, J. Starkey, 23 Conduit St., London, with their trade mark logo to the left. Post Civil War period, circa late 1800's. Both of these United States naval shoulder knots are in excellent condition.


The manufacturing company, Joseph Starkey, was based in London, and they were embroiderers, gold and silver lace men, and makers of military accoutrements.       


<b>United States Congressman from Delaware</b>


(1814-1896) Born in Concord, Sussex County, Del., he attended the Newark Academy, graduated from Yale College in 1834, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1837, and moved to Georgetown, Delaware, where he commenced practice. He served as the Secretary of State of Delaware, from 1841-1844. He was a U.S. Congressman, from 1845-51, serving as the chairman of the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds. He was appointed Associate Justice of the Delaware Superior Court in 1855, and he served in that position until 1893. As a member of the 1861 peace conference held in Washington, D.C., he tried to prevent the country from plunging into civil war.

    

<u>Signature with Place</u>: 5 x 1 1/4, in ink, John W. Houston, Geo.[rge] Town, Delaware.

1842 Summons, Anderson District, South C $10.00

 

Blue & Gray Reunion Cover, Gettysburg 19 $15.00

 

Pair of United States Navy Shoulder Knot $195.00

 

Autograph, John W. Houston $20.00




6 1/2 x 3 5/8. July 1-3, 1863. Blue shield design with stripes within it, and 2 stars above. There is a map of the key points on the Gettysburg battlefield inside of the shield, and First Day of Issue within a riband below. Civil War Centennial, with the dates, 1861-1961, 1865-1965, with a vignette of crossed U.S. and Confederate flags, cannon, and drum. Published by ABC Cachets. Excellent.  


By Justin G. Turner, and Linda Levitt Turner, with an introduction by Fawn M. Brodie. Published by Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1972. First Edition. Hardcover with illustrated dust jacket. 750 pages, with bibliography, index, and illustrations. The book is in very nice condition, it is tight and clean, with some very minor foxing to the page ends, and very minor wear to the dust jacket. Very desirable subject matter regarding the life of this independent thinking Kentucky belle who would become the wife of Abe Lincoln & ultimately the first lady of the United States. A must have for any Lincoln collector!



From her exuberant girlhood, she was courted by both Abraham Lincoln, and his rival, Stephen A. Douglas, through the White House years, to the bleak wanderings of her widowhood, here, for the first time, is the authentic voice of one of the most misunderstood figures in our history-Abraham Lincoln's wife.


All her available letters (609), of which more than half have never before been published, are now brought together. They span forty-two years; they are addressed not only to her husband, children, and friends, but also to such historical figures as Edwin M. Stanton, Charles Sumner, General Ulysses S. Grant, and Queen Victoria. They have been gathered from archives and attics, and are interwoven with an authoritative, intensely human biographical narrative in a book that shatters the distorted image, indeed caricature, that is the Mary Todd Lincoln of popular myth.


In letter after letter, the real woman emerges; the sought after belle with a mind of her own who married a poor nobody against her family's wishes; the young bride, accustomed to luxury, trying to make a home in one room of a public inn; the indulgent mother, run ragged by her growing brood of boys; the ambitious helpmate of an equally ambitious young lawyer, legislator, congressman-entertaining for him, giving him company, and shrewd opinions on speaking trips throughout the country.


And then, Mrs. President Lincoln, stunned by the hostility of Washington society; letting fly at Cabinet members; meddling in political appointments and military affairs; outdoing all previous First Ladies in grandeur, and piling up huge debts for clothes, jewels, and furnishings; presiding over her salon in the Blue Room with wit and grace, but failing to notice that it was filled with sycophants eager to make use of her. And the private Mary Lincoln, beset by personal tragedies, by the death of sons, by the Confederate allegiance of most of her family, by periods of psychic disturbance and breakdowns, yet all the while trying to cheer and ease her burdened and moody husband. Finally-the ultimate tragedy, the assassination. And the widow, ignored, sick, and weak, pursued by creditors, fighting for many years to get even a small pension, fleeing to foreign lands to escape the ridicule of the vampire press, asking, can life be endured.


Like the woman herself, her letters by turn charm, amuse, infuriate, and command passion-in a book that provide an important new source for historians, and at long last give Mary Todd Lincoln her own day in court.     


<b>The younger brother of General John Hunt Morgan!


Captured during General Morgan's famous raid into Ohio in 1863!


Very rare Civil War Prisoner of War cover sent by Captain C.H. Morgan via a Flag of Truce to Mrs. General John Hunt Morgan!</b>


(1839-1912) He graduated from Transylvania University, Lexington, Kentucky, in 1859, and soon after was appointed the United States Consul to Messina, Italy. While serving as a U.S. Government representative, he joined the fight for Italian independence, and was wounded in action. He resigned his post in 1861 to serve in London as the Secretary of the Southern Committee. When the War Between the States broke out he returned home to Kentucky and joined the Confederate Army. He was wounded and captured at the battle of Shiloh, Tennessee, April 6, 1862. After his exchange, he was commissioned captain, and served in his brother General John Hunt Morgan's Kentucky command as his aide-de-camp. He was captured along with his brother John, and his brother-in-law General Basil Duke, in July 1863 during General Morgan's celebrated Ohio Raid. Initially confined at the Ohio State Penitentiary in Columbus, Ohio, he was later transferred to Fort Delaware in February 1864. He was eventually released from captivity in 1865 just prior to the cessation of hostilities.  After the war he spent 15 years as a steward at the East Kentucky Lunatic Asylum. He married Ellen Key Howard, the niece of Francis Scott Key the author of The Star Spangled Banner. He was the father of Thomas Hunt Morgan, whose work in chromosomal heredity earned him the Nobel Prize in 1933. Charlton Hunt Morgan died on October 10, 1912, and is buried in Lexington Cemetery, Fayette County, Kentucky.


<u>Civil War Prisoner of War Cover Sent via Flag of Truce</u>: 4 1/2 x 2 5/8, endorsed and addressed in ink in the hand of Captain Charlton Hunt Morgan as follows: "Via Flag of truce, From C.H. Morgan, Prisoner of War. Mrs. Genl. Jno. H. Morgan, Care Col. Thos. Fleming, Augusta, Ga." Light wear and a few small stains at the edges. Very neat and bold handwriting. Very rare and desirable!!


<b>Please note that the illustrations of General John Hunt Morgan and his wife Mattie, and of Captain Charlton H. Morgan [taken in 1864 by John L. Gilhon while Morgan was a prisoner of war at Fort Delaware] are for display purposes only. They are not part of the lot you are buying. However, I will include Xerox copies of them with your purchase.</b> 


WBTS Trivia: The recipient of Captain C.H. Morgan's letter was Martha "Mattie" Ready Morgan, the wife of his brother General John Hunt Morgan. She was the daughter of United States Congressman Charles Ready of Tennessee. Mattie travelled with her aunt, Mrs. C.S.W. Fleming, and her husband, Colonel Thomas W. Fleming, to Augusta, Georgia, at different periods of the war.


On the night of September 3, 1864, while en-route to attack Union forces near Knoxville, General John Hunt Morgan camped near Greenville, Tennessee. Early the next morning he was surprised by a detachment of Union cavalry and was killed in the garden of the house where he had been sleeping, shot in the back while attempting to retreat and rally his men. General J.H. Morgan is also buried in Lexington Cemetery, Lexington, Kentucky.          


<b>Photographed in Louisville, Kentucky</b>


Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Large bust view of a heavily bearded Confederate officer wearing a double breasted Confederate uniform coat. His beard obscures any rank on his collar. Nicely signed in ink on the reverse, J.A. Benton, Louisville, Ky. Backmark: J.C. Elrod, Photographer, 136 Main, below 4th, Louisville, Ky. Excellent identified Confederate image.

Gettysburg Patriotic Cover, Civil War Ce $5.00

 

Mary Todd Lincoln, Her Life And Letters $24.95

 

Captain Charlton Hunt Morgan Signed & Ad $595.00

 

CDV, Identified Confederate Civil War Of $185.00




Thomas Porter pewter slave button. 3/4 inches in diameter with partial T. Porter on the obverse. Some of the letters are obscured because of the patina and some pitting to the face. Part of the shank is present. Excavated example. This button dates from the early 1800's and is a relic from the slave trade era. It was manufactured for the slave trader Thomas Porter who sold slaves in the Caribbean during the turn of the 19th century. This button originated in Antigua, British West Indies and was produced in London. The name Porter may have been an Anglo version of Porteous as there was a French family who ran slave ships during that era. These buttons were reportedly found off the Georgia coast and were worn by his slaves for advertising purposes when sold at auction.  


<b>Fought in the War for Texas Independence, 1835-36


Killed at the battle of Blair's Landing, Louisiana in 1864</b>


(1814-64) He graduated from the University of Nashville, and studied law under his father who was a justice of the Tennessee Supreme Court. Green left Tennessee in 1835 to join the Texas volunteers and fought in the Texan Revolution, 1835–36.  At the Battle of San Jacinto, he helped operate the famed "Twin Sisters" cannons, the only artillery present in General Sam Houston's army. A few days after their decisive victory, Houston rewarded Green with a commission as lieutenant. In early May, he was promoted to major and assigned as aide-de-camp to General Thomas J. Rusk. In 1840, he participated in the campaign against the Comanche Indians on the Colorado River. During the Mexican War, he served under General Zachary Taylor, recruited a company of Texas Rangers, designated the 1st Texas Rifles, and served as their captain during the 1846 capture of Monterrey. He served as clerk of the Texas Supreme Court, 1841-61, in the Republic of Texas, and the State of Texas. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he was appointed colonel of the 5th Texas Cavalry which he led at the battle of Valverde, New Mexico Territory. He distinguished himself at Galveston, Texas, and under General Richard Taylor in Louisiana. Promoted to brigadier general, May 20, 1863, he saw action in the Red River campaign, at the battles of Mansfield and Pleasant Hill, and he was killed in action at Blair's Landing, Louisiana,  on April 12, 1864, when he was struck by a shell from one of the Union gunboats.


<u>Signature with Date</u>: 4 x 2, in ink, Filed Oct. 5, 1857, T. Green, Clk., S.C. This was written by Green when he served as clerk of the Texas Supreme Court.  


This imprinted folio letter sheet measures 7 3/4 x 9 3/4, with vignette of the New Jersey State Seal at upper left with the motto, "Liberty And Prosperity." Imprint at upper right, "HEAD-QUARTERS, Mercer Brigade, New Jersey State Militia, 186_. Excellent condition. Comes with a large business size envelope, 8 1/4 x 3 1/2, with the New Jersey State Seal at left, with imprint above, "State of New Jersey." Imprint at upper right, "HEAD-QUARTERS, Mercer Brigade, N.J.S.M." Mfg. imprint, A.W. Orr, N.Y. Very fine. Extremely desirable, and very scarce, pair of New Jersey, Civil War items which are unused.           


<b>War period signature with rank


Wounded 3 times during the Civil War


United States Attorney General</b>


(1820-91) Born in Charlestown, Mass., he graduated from Harvard in 1838, and Harvard Law School in 1840. He was admitted to the bar in Franklin Country where he practiced law from 1841-49. Devens had a very notable antebellum career as a lawyer, Massachusetts State Senator, U.S. Marshal, orator, and U.S. Attorney General. Forced to participate in the return of an escaped slave to his owner while serving as marshal, he attempted to purchase, unsuccessfully, the bondsman's liberty with his own funds. Immediately upon President Lincoln's call for volunteers, Devens, a militia brigadier, offered his services, and on on April 16, 1861, Devens gave an impassioned speech at Mechanics Hall in Worcester to a large crowd where he called upon the young men of Worcester to rise and go with him to rescue Washington.  Shortly afterwards he was mustered in as Major of the 3rd Battalion of Massachusetts Rifles, a 90 days unit. Devens was later commissioned Colonel of the 15th Massachusetts Infantry and fought at Ball's Bluff, where a uniform button saved his life when he was struck by a rifle ball and wounded. Promoted to Brigadier General of volunteers on April 15, 1862, he commanded a brigade at the battle of Seven Pines during the 1862 Virginia Peninsular campaign, and was again wounded. At the battle of Fredericksburg, Devens commanded a brigade of the 6th Army Corps, and at Chancellorsville, where he was wounded a third time, he directed a division in General O.O. Howard's 11th Army Corps. According to a report by General Steward L. Woodford, who served with him, General Devens remounted his horse, stayed with his men, and did not go to the hospital until his men had bivouacked. Upon his return to duty, he commanded a division of the Army of the James 1864-65, distinguishing himself at the battle of Cold Harbor, Va., while commanding the 3rd Division, 18th Army Corps in General Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign. During the final stages of the Siege of Petersburg, he commanded the 3rd Division of the 24th Army Corps. His troops were the first to occupy Richmond, Va., after its capture in April 1865. Devens remained in the army for a year as commander of the Military District of Charleston, South Carolina, before mustering out of the army and returning home. He later served as the fifth Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic from 1873–75, and was also a veteran companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. He served as a Judge of the Massachusetts Superior Court, 1867-73, and was an Associate Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Court, 1873-77. He served as the United States Attorney General, 1877-81, in the cabinet of President Rutherford B. Hayes.


<u>War Period Signature with Rank</u>: 6 7/8 x 2, in ink, Yours Respty., Chas. Devens, Brig. Gen. U.S. Vols., Comdg. 3d Div., 24 Army Corps. Age toning.

Thomas Porter Slave Merchant Button $50.00

 

Autograph, General Thomas Green $150.00

 

Mercer Brigade, New Jersey State Militia $45.00

 

Autograph, General Charles Devens $125.00




<b>Severely wounded in the battle of 1st Manassas, Virginia</b>


(1824-93) Graduated in the West Point class of 1845. He won the brevets of 1st lieutenant and captain for gallantry at Cerro Gordo and Contreras during the Mexican War. From 1849-52, he was assistant professor of mathematics at West Point. Later he served in the Indian campaigns on the Texas frontier. A native of Florida, he resigned his commission on April 6, 1861, at the time that Florida seceded from the Union. He entered the Confederate service as a lieutenant colonel and served in the Shenandoah Valley under General Joseph E. Johnston. On June 17, 1861, E.K. Smith was commissioned brigadier general in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States and was severely wounded at 1st Manassas. He was promoted to major general on October 11, 1861, and in 1862 he was in command of the District of East Tennessee. Smith participated in General Braxton Bragg's invasion of Kentucky, and won a decisive victory at Richmond, Ky., on August 30, 1862. He became lieutenant general from October 9, 1862. From 1862-65 he was in command of the Trans-Mississippi Department, and received permanent rank of general in the Provisional Army on February 19, 1864. In the spring of 1864, his army repelled the Red River expedition of General N.P. Banks. Smith was almost the last Confederate general in the field, but in a hopelessly isolated situation, he finally surrendered his troops to General E.R.S. Canby on May 26, 1865. 


Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Half view in Confederate uniform. Backmark: E. & H.T. Anthony, 501 Broadway, New York, Manufacturers of the best Photographic Albums. Light age toning and wear.  


<b>United States Senator from Delaware

 

Secretary of State of Delaware</b>


(1783-1863) Born in New Haven, Conn., he graduated from Yale College in 1801, studied law, was admitted to the bar, and commenced practice in New Haven. He subsequently moved to Philadelphia and Baltimore where he continued to practice law, and ultimately moved to Wilmington, Delaware in 1815, where he was the president of the National Bank of Wilmington  and Brandywine. He served as Secretary of State of Delaware 1845-1849. He served as U.S. Congressman from Delaware 1849-51.  He was one of the founders of Delaware College, in Newark, Delaware.


<u>Signature with State</u>: 4 3/4 x 1, in ink, John Wales, Delaware.  


<b>War Period Signature with Rank</b>


(1814-79) Born in Hadley, Mass., he was the grandson of a captain who fought in the Revolutionary War. Graduating in the West Point class of 1837, Hooker was commissioned 2nd lieutenant in the 1st U.S. Artillery. His first assignment was fighting in Florida in the 2nd Seminole Indian War. He served in the Mexican War in the campaigns of General Zachary Taylor, and General Winfield Scott, and was cited for gallantry in the battles of Monterrey, National Bridge and Chapultepec. Hooker left the army in 1853, and settled in Sonoma County, California where he was a farmer and land developer. He held a commission as colonel in the California Militia, 1859-61. When the Civil War broke out Hooker requested a commission, but his application was rejected very probably because of resentment held against him by General Winfield Scott, General-in-Chief of the U.S. Army. Hooker had testified against his former commander Scott in the court-martial case of Gideon J. Pillow (future Confederate General) for insubordination. After the Union Army's defeat at the 1st battle of Bull Run, Va., Hooker wrote a letter directly to President Abraham Lincoln whereby he complained of military mismanagement and touted his own abilities and qualifications and once again requested a commission. Lincoln consented and commissioned him brigadier general of volunteers, in August 1861. He commanded a brigade and then a division around Washington, D.C., as part of the effort to organize, and train the new Army of the Potomac, commanded by General George B. McClellan. During the 1862 Virginia Peninsula Campaign, he commanded the 2nd Division of the 3rd Corps, and made a good name for himself as a combat leader who handled himself well, and aggressively sought out the key points on battlefields. He led his division with distinction at the battles of Williamsburg and Seven Pines. He became extremely annoyed at the cautious generalship of General McClellan and openly criticized his commander's failure to capture Richmond. Commenting on McClellan's leadership, General Hooker was quoted as saying that, "He is not only not a soldier, but he does not know what soldier-ship is." Hooker was promoted to major general on July 26, 1862. Following the second battle of Bull Run, Va., Hooker replaced General Irvin McDowell as commander of the 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia, soon re-designated the 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac. During the Maryland Campaign, he led the 1st Corps at the battles for South Mountain, and at Antietam, where his corps launched the first assault of the bloodiest day in American military history, driving south into the corps of General Stonewall Jackson, where they fought each other to a standstill. Hooker, aggressive and inspiring to his men, left the battle that morning with a foot wound. The battle of Fredericksburg, Va., fought on December 13, 1862, was another Union debacle. Upon recovering from his foot wound, General Hooker was briefly made commander of the 5th Corps, but was then promoted to "Grand Division" command, that consisted of both the 3rd and the 5th Corps. He was contemptuous about Burnside's plan to assault the fortified heights of Fredericksburg, deeming it "preposterous." His Grand Division suffered terrible losses in their futile assaults which were ordered by General Burnside over General Hooker's vehement protests. Burnside followed up this battle with the humiliating Mud March in January 1863, and Hooker's criticism of his commander bordered on formal insubordination. He described Burnside as a "wretch ... of blundering sacrifice." Burnside planned a wholesale purge of his subordinates, including Hooker, and drafted an order for the president's approval. He stated that Hooker was "unfit to hold an important commission during a crisis like the present," but President Lincoln had run out of patience, and instead removed Burnside as Commander of the Army of the Potomac. Lincoln then appointed General Joseph Hooker to command of the Army of the Potomac, on January 26, 1863. Some members of the army saw this move as inevitable, given Hooker's reputation for aggressive fighting, something sorely lacking in his predecessors. Hooker's plan for the spring and summer campaign of 1863 was both elegant and promising. He first planned to send his cavalry corps deep into the enemy's rear, disrupting supply lines and distracting him from the main attack. He would pin down General Robert E. Lee's much smaller army at Fredericksburg, while taking the large bulk of the Army of the Potomac on a flanking march to strike Lee in his rear. Once Lee was defeated, he could move on to seize Richmond. Unfortunately for Hooker and the Union, the execution of his plan did not match the elegance of the plan itself. The Union and Confederate armies would fatefully meet in the epic battle of Chancellorsville, Va., fought on May 1,2,3, 1863, which has been called "Lee's perfect battle," because of his ability to vanquish a much larger foe through audacious tactics. Hooker had a devastating encounter with a cannonball while he was standing on the porch of his headquarters. The ball struck a wooden column against which he was leaning, initially knocking him senseless, and then putting him out of action for the rest of the day with a concussion. Political winds blew strongly in the following weeks as generals maneuvered to overthrow Hooker or to position themselves if Lincoln decided to do so on his own. On the eve of what would become the battle of Gettysburg, President Lincoln had made his decision. On June 28, 1863, 3 days before the epic battle in Pennsylvania, General George G. Meade was promoted to the command of the Army of the Potomac, and accomplished what many considered to be the impossible, he defeated Confederate General Robert E. Lee, and sent his celebrated Army of Northern Virginia, back to Virginia. General Hooker's military career was not ended by his poor performance in the summer of 1863. He went on to regain a reputation as a solid corps commander when he was transferred with the 11th and 12th Corps of the Army of the Potomac westward to reinforce the Army of the Cumberland around Chattanooga, Tennessee. Hooker was in command at the battle of Lookout Mountain, playing an important role in General Ulysses S. Grant's decisive victory at the battle of Chattanooga. He led his corps, now designated as the 20th Corps, competently in the 1864 Atlanta Campaign under General William Tecumseh Sherman, but asked to be relieved before the capture of the city because of his disgust with the promotion of General Oliver O. Howard, upon the death of General James B. McPherson. Not only did Hooker have seniority over Howard, but he blamed Howard for his defeat at Chancellorsville. Howard, who had commanded the 11th Corps, was routed by General Stonewall Jackson's famous flank attack. After leaving Georgia, Hooker commanded the Northern Department, comprising the states of Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, with headquarters in Cincinnati, Ohio, from October 1, 1864, until the end of the war. After the war, Hooker led President Abraham Lincoln's funeral procession in Springfield, Illinois, on May 4, 1865. He served in command of the Department of the East, and the Department of the Lakes following the war. He was mustered out of the volunteer service on September 1, 1866, and retired from the U.S. Army on October 15, 1868, with the regular army rank of major general. He died on October 31, 1879, while on a visit to Garden City, New York, and is buried in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio, his wife's home town.


<u>War Period Signature with Rank</u>: 2 3/4 x 1 1/2, in ink, Joseph Hooker, Brig. Gen., Comdg. Age toning. Very popular Civil War autograph.             


Authentic 1863 dated engraving of Major General "Fightin' Joe" Hooker. Full standing view in uniform with rank of major general with sword. Printed facsimile signature below his portrait which was painted by Alonzo Chappel, and executed from the likeness of the latest photograph of Hooker from life. Johnson, Fry & Co., Publishers, New York. Entered according to act of Congress A.D. 1863, Johnson, Fry & Co. in the clerk's office of the district court of the southern district of N.Y. 8 x 10 1/4. 


<u>General Joseph Hooker</u>: (1814-79) Born in Hadley, Mass., he was the grandson of a captain who fought in the Revolutionary War. Graduating in the West Point class of 1837, Hooker was commissioned 2nd lieutenant in the 1st U.S. Artillery. His first assignment was fighting in Florida in the 2nd Seminole Indian War. He served in the Mexican War in the campaigns of General Zachary Taylor, and General Winfield Scott, and was cited for gallantry in the battles of Monterrey, National Bridge and Chapultepec. Hooker left the army in 1853, and settled in Sonoma County, California where he was a farmer and land developer. He held a commission as colonel in the California Militia, 1859-61. When the Civil War broke out Hooker requested a commission, but his application was rejected very probably because of resentment held against him by General Winfield Scott, General-in-Chief of the U.S. Army. Hooker had testified against his former commander Scott in the court-martial case of Gideon J. Pillow (future Confederate General) for insubordination. After the Union Army's defeat at the 1st battle of Bull Run, Va., Hooker wrote a letter directly to President Abraham Lincoln whereby he complained of military mismanagement and touted his own abilities and qualifications and once again requested a commission. Lincoln consented and commissioned him brigadier general of volunteers, in August 1861. He commanded a brigade and then a division around Washington, D.C., as part of the effort to organize, and train the new Army of the Potomac, commanded by General George B. McClellan. During the 1862 Virginia Peninsula Campaign, he commanded the 2nd Division of the 3rd Corps, and made a good name for himself as a combat leader who handled himself well, and aggressively sought out the key points on battlefields. He led his division with distinction at the battles of Williamsburg and Seven Pines. He became extremely annoyed at the cautious generalship of General McClellan and openly criticized his commander's failure to capture Richmond. Commenting on McClellan's leadership, General Hooker was quoted as saying that, "He is not only not a soldier, but he does not know what soldier-ship is." Hooker was promoted to major general on July 26, 1862. Following the second battle of Bull Run, Va., Hooker replaced General Irvin McDowell as commander of the 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia, soon re-designated the 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac. During the Maryland Campaign, he led the 1st Corps at the battles for South Mountain, and at Antietam, where his corps launched the first assault of the bloodiest day in American military history, driving south into the corps of General Stonewall Jackson, where they fought each other to a standstill. Hooker, aggressive and inspiring to his men, left the battle that morning with a foot wound. The battle of Fredericksburg, Va., fought on December 13, 1862, was another Union debacle. Upon recovering from his foot wound, General Hooker was briefly made commander of the 5th Corps, but was then promoted to "Grand Division" command, that consisted of both the 3rd and the 5th Corps. He was contemptuous about Burnside's plan to assault the fortified heights of Fredericksburg, deeming it "preposterous." His Grand Division suffered terrible losses in their futile assaults which were ordered by General Burnside over General Hooker's vehement protests. Burnside followed up this battle with the humiliating Mud March in January 1863, and Hooker's criticism of his commander bordered on formal insubordination. He described Burnside as a "wretch ... of blundering sacrifice." Burnside planned a wholesale purge of his subordinates, including Hooker, and drafted an order for the president's approval. He stated that Hooker was "unfit to hold an important commission during a crisis like the present," but President Lincoln had run out of patience, and instead removed Burnside as Commander of the Army of the Potomac. Lincoln then appointed General Joseph Hooker to command of the Army of the Potomac, on January 26, 1863. Some members of the army saw this move as inevitable, given Hooker's reputation for aggressive fighting, something sorely lacking in his predecessors. Hooker's plan for the spring and summer campaign of 1863 was both elegant and promising. He first planned to send his cavalry corps deep into the enemy's rear, disrupting supply lines and distracting him from the main attack. He would pin down General Robert E. Lee's much smaller army at Fredericksburg, while taking the large bulk of the Army of the Potomac on a flanking march to strike Lee in his rear. Once Lee was defeated, he could move on to seize Richmond. Unfortunately for Hooker and the Union, the execution of his plan did not match the elegance of the plan itself. The Union and Confederate armies would fatefully meet in the epic battle of Chancellorsville, Va., fought on May 1,2,3, 1863, which has been called "Lee's perfect battle" because of his ability to vanquish a much larger foe through audacious tactics. Hooker had a devastating encounter with a cannonball while he was standing on the porch of his headquarters. The ball struck a wooden column against which he was leaning, initially knocking him senseless, and then putting him out of action for the rest of the day with a concussion. Political winds blew strongly in the following weeks as generals maneuvered to overthrow Hooker or to position themselves if Lincoln decided to do so on his own. On the eve of what would become the battle of Gettysburg, President Lincoln had made his decision. On June 28, 1863, 3 days before the epic battle in Pennsylvania, General George G. Meade was promoted to the command of the Army of the Potomac, and accomplished what many considered to be the impossible, he defeated Confederate General Robert E. Lee, and sent his celebrated Army of Northern Virginia, back to Virginia. General Hooker's military career was not ended by his poor performance in the summer of 1863. He went on to regain a reputation as a solid corps commander when he was transferred with the 11th and 12th Corps of the Army of the Potomac westward to reinforce the Army of the Cumberland around Chattanooga, Tennessee. Hooker was in command at the battle of Lookout Mountain, playing an important role in General Ulysses S. Grant's decisive victory at the battle of Chattanooga. He led his corps, now designated as the 20th Corps, competently in the 1864 Atlanta Campaign under General William Tecumseh Sherman, but asked to be relieved before the capture of the city because of his disgust with the promotion of General Oliver O. Howard, upon the death of General James B. McPherson. Not only did Hooker have seniority over Howard, but he blamed Howard for his defeat at Chancellorsville. Howard, who had commanded the 11th Corps, was routed by General Stonewall Jackson's famous flank attack. After leaving Georgia, Hooker commanded the Northern Department, comprising the states of Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, with headquarters in Cincinnati, Ohio, from October 1, 1864, until the end of the war. After the war, Hooker led President Abraham Lincoln's funeral procession in Springfield, Illinois, on May 4, 1865. He served in command of the Department of the East, and the Department of the Lakes following the war. He was mustered out of the volunteer service on September 1, 1866, and retired from the U.S. Army on October 15, 1868, with the regular army rank of major general. He died on October 31, 1879, while on a visit to Garden City, New York, and is buried in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio, his wife's home town.

CDV, General Edmund Kirby Smith $125.00

 

Autograph, John Wales $15.00

 

Autograph, General Joseph Hooker $175.00

 

General Joseph Hooker $15.00




<b>War Period Signature With Rank</b>


(1819-1893) Famous for his association with the invention of the game of baseball. At Cooperstown, N.Y., home of the Baseball Hall of Fame, the baseball diamond there is named after him. From a prominent New York family, his grandfather fought in the American Revolution, his father was a two term Congressman and both his brothers were colonels in the Civil War. He graduated from the West Point class of 1842, and served in the Mexican War with the artillery branch of service. In April 1861, Doubleday served in the garrison at Fort Sumter, and he was said to have aimed the first gun to reply to the Confederate batteries. Appointed a brigadier general, he commanded a brigade of McDowell's corps during the 2nd Bull Run campaign. At Antietam and Fredericksburg, he commanded a division of the 1st corps. His greatest performance of the war came at Gettysburg when he assumed command of the 1st corps after the death of General John F. Reynolds. Doubleday remained in the U.S. Army after the Civil War, retiring in 1873.


<u>War Period Signature With Rank</u>: 4 x 1 1/4, in ink, A. Doubleday, Major Genl. Vol.  


Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Full standing view of a young Confederate soldier wearing a shell jacket and kepi with the brim turned up. He poses with his hand on a studio table with table covering at his side. No imprint. Possibly a Confederate cavalryman or artilleryman. Light age toning, and wear, and  a surface abrasion to the reverse of the card.  


Gold hanger at the top of the badge with straight pin fastener on the reverse. Attached to the hanger is a large 1 3/4 x 1 3/4 celluloid button with color vignette of a mounted cavalryman holding his saber. Blank reverse. Attached to the hanger is a gold ribbon with black imprint, 10th N.Y. Cavalry Veterans 43rd Anniversary And Reunion At Hotel Crandall, Binghamton, N.Y. Sept. 21-22-23, 1904. The overall length of the badge is 7 1/4 inches. The celluloid button is slightly discolored, there is a small 1/4 inch tear near where the ribbon and hanger connect, the ribbon shows a few small red and blue ink spots at the bottom left, some discoloration and wear, and the bottom of the ribbon is frayed. 


Among the most important engagements of the 10th New York Cavalry were Leesburg, Beverly Ford, Middleburg, Gettysburg, Shepherdstown, Sulphur Springs, Auburn, Bristoe Station, Todd's Tavern, Haw's Shop, Trevilian Station, King and Queen Court House, St. Mary's Church, Deep Bottom, Lee's Mill, Reams' Station, Poplar Spring Church, Boydton Plank Road, Prince George Court House, Stony Creek Station, Hatcher's Run, Dinwiddie Court House, Sailor's Creek, Farmville and at Appomattox Court House. [Source: The Union Army, Vol. 2].

    


<b>From Headquarters Army of the United States</b>


5 1/4 x 3 1/2, with imprint at upper left, Headquarters Army Of The United States. Postmarked, Washington, D.C., Feb. 24, 6 A.M., with 2 cents red/brown George Washington postage stamp. (A57-effective date October 1, 1883). Addressed to Mr. Wilmer Moore, No. 20 Cane Street, Atlanta, Ga. Partial circular date stamped on the reverse, Atlanta, Ga., Feb. 25, 1885, Recd.,12 P.M., with a docket in pencil, "Sheridan," presumably written by the recipient. The envelope is not addressed by Sheridan himself, but most likely was written by one of his aides. The time period fits as Sheridan was appointed Commanding General of the U.S. Army in 1884, and he was probably in Washington, D.C. on the date  this cover was mailed. An interesting footnote about Mr. Moore is that he received an envelope sent to him by General Winfield S. Hancock at about the same time as the Sheridan correspondence. [an item I recently sold]. Although I have not been able to find out any information about Mr. Wilmer Moore, one can fairly speculate that he might have been someone connected to, known by, or of some other importance to have received correspondence from two of the highest ranking Generals in the U.S. Army, General Philip H. Sheridan and General Winfield S. Hancock, within a matter of a few days. Light age toning and wear. 


<u>General Philip H. Sheridan</u>: (1831-88) A prominent Civil War commander, he graduated in the West Point class of 1853. Appointed brigadier general of volunteers, on September 13, 1862, and major general, on March 16, 1863. He fought in the battles of Perryville, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, the Chattanooga campaign, Missionary Ridge, Yellow Tavern, Trevilian Station, the 1864 Shenandoah Valley campaign including the battles of Winchester, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar Creek, and in the 1865 Appomattox campaign which resulted in the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia commanded by General Robert E. Lee, to name but a few of his battle honors. General Ulysses S. Grant summed up Sheridan's performance in the final days of the Civil War as, "I believe General Sheridan has no superior as a general, either living or dead, and perhaps not an equal." During the Indian Wars General Sheridan saw much action against the Plains Indians in the 1870's. Upon the retirement of General William T. Sherman in 1884, Sheridan became commanding general of the United States Army.

Autograph, General Abner Doubleday

 

CDV, Confederate Civil War Soldier $100.00

 

10th New York Cavalry Reunion Badge $35.00

 

Cover Sent by General Philip H. Sheridan $25.00

Best described by our photo illustrations we offer this <I>if only it could talk</I> earlier to mid-1800s hat with some trepidation as we have had it for some time as witness to our weakness for such colorful old headgear. Time to move it on though, as we continue our attempt in <I>weeding out</I> a 50 + year accumulation.  Measuring 13 inches across the brim front to back with an 8 inch diameter crown standing 7 ¼  inches high this character rich old <I>stove pipe</I> shows a good amount of period wear and age while remaining sound and with no holes, tears or separations.  The extra wide split leather sweat band indicative of the period remains intact.  An eye pealing classic, the clearly period red, white and blue cockade sets this piece of as a most appealing example of classic Americana.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! </FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  Best described by our photo illustrations, this attractive period used tobacco pipe will make an attractive  personal item addition set in with any quality Civil War / Indian Wars grouping.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !  


<b>Signed by Lieutenant of the 66th Illinois Infantry, who was Acting Ordnance Officer, 4th Division, 16th Army Corps, Department of the Tennessee</b>


7 x 9 3/4, in ink.


Received in the Field, Ga., this 24th day of June 1864, of Lt. Col. Chas E. Brown, Comdg. 63d O.V.I., the following Ordnance and Ordnance Stores, as per Invoice dated the 24th day of June 1864.


51 Springfield Rifle Muskets Cal. .58

39 Gun Slings

42 Cartridge Boxes

33 Cartridge Box Plates

34 Cartridge Box Belts

11 Cartridge Belt Plates

39 Waist Belts

39 Waist Belt Plates

39 Cap Pouches

41 Bayonet Scabbards


S.J. Smith, Lieut. 66th Ill. Vol. Infy.

and A.[cting] O.[rdnance] O.[fficer], 4th Div., 16th A.[rmy] C.[orps]. 


Docket on reverse: Abstract No. 1, Voucher No. 15. Receipt for Issues, S.J. Smith, Lieut. and A.O.O. 4th Div., 16 A.C., on the 24th day of June 1864, as per Invoice dated the 24th day of June 1864.


Light age toning and wear.


The recipient of the ordnance stores listed in this invoice, Lieutenant Colonel Charles E. Brown, 63rd Ohio Infantry, enlisted as a Captain in the 63rd Ohio Infantry, on September 2, 1861. He was promoted to Major, March 20, 1863; Lieutenant Colonel, May 17, 1863; and Brevet Brigadier General, March 13, 1865, for gallantry during the Atlanta campaign. He was severely wounded, July 22, 1864, at Decatur, Ga., resulting in the amputation of his left leg. He was mustered out of service at Louisville, Ky., July 8, 1865.


Lieutenant Samuel J. Smith, who issued these stores, and signed this document was on this date the acting ordnance officer, of the 4th Division, 16th Army Corps, serving in Georgia. A resident of Bridgeport, Illinois, he enlisted on November 22, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into Co. I, 66th Illinois Infantry. He was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant, September 9, 1862; 1st Lieutenant, November 18, 1863; and Captain, December 22, 1864. He was mustered out of the Union Army at Camp Logan, Ky., July 7, 1865.       


<b>United States Congressman from Maine</b>


(1813-1872) Born in Prospect (now Searsport) Maine, he attended Maine Wesleyan Seminary   at Readfield, studied law, admitted to the bar in 1838, and commenced practice in Camden, Knox County, Maine. He was appointed postmaster of Camden in 1838, was a member of the Maine State Senate in 1841-42, and was appointed aide-de-camp with the rank of lieutenant colonel on the staff of Governor Fairfield in 1842. Served as U.S. Congressman, 1847-49, and 1851-53. Smart established the Maine Free Press in 1854, and served as its editor for 3 years. Served as a member of the Maine State House of Representatives in 1858, and the Maine State Senate in 1862. He ran unsuccessfully for Governor of Maine in 1860.

 

<u>Signature with Place</u>: 5 3/4 x 1 1/2, in ink, Ephm. K. Smart, Camden, Maine.

earlier through the Civil War era Beaver $495.00

 

19th century - brier & hard rubber TOBAC $55.00

 

Ordnance Stores Issued to the 63rd Ohio $35.00

 

Autograph, Ephraim K. Smart




<b>150th Anniversary of the battle of Gettysburg


President Lincoln's Gettysburg Address</b>


6 1/2 x 3 1/2, envelope. First Day of Issue of the Gettysburg Forever U.S. postage stamp with vignette of the battle of Gettysburg (Pickett's Charge) and date Gettysburg July 1-3, 1863. The Gettysburg Forever postage stamp is tied on with a printed vignette of the 5 cents, 1963 U.S. postage stamp honoring the centennial of the 1863 battle. Printed below that is a quote from President Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, "We can never forget...what they did here," and the postmark date of the first day of issue of the Gettysburg Forever stamp, November 19, 2013, Gettysburg, PA 17325. At the left is a vignette of President Lincoln delivering his immortal Gettysburg Address. Printed below the vignette is, The Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863. First Day Cover is stamped on the reverse flap. Excellent.     


<b>Served as an officer in the 101st Pennsylvania Infantry during the Civil War


Wounded and captured during the war!


Postmaster of Gettysburg</b>


8 1/2 x 4 3/4, imprinted form, filled out in ink. 


Gettysburg, Pa., Sep. 21, 1882. A.C. Creswell. To H.S. Benner, Dr., Produce Dealer And Forwarding Agent, Col. Buehler’s Warehouse, Carlisle Street. Terms Cash. To Freight. 200. 50. Recd. paymt. Signed at lower right by, H.S. Benner. Light age toning and wear. Very desirable item for collectors of material related to the town and citizens of Gettysburg, the site of the greatest battle of the Civil War.


<u>Henry S. Benner</u>: (1830-1904) Born in Straban Township, Adams County, Pa., he received a good education in the schools of Gettysburg. As a resident of Gettysburg, he learned the granite cutting trade which he worked in for 10 years, and then was employed as a railroad agent until the Civil War commenced in 1861. Benner enlisted into Co. K, 101st Pennsylvania Infantry, on September 28, 1861, and was commissioned 1st Lieutenant. He was wounded in action on May 31, 1862, at Fair Oaks, Virginia. He was promoted to Captain, February 5, 1863, and captured on April 20, 1864, at Plymouth, North Carolina. Major Benner was confined in several Confederate prisons starting at Macon, Ga., for three months, at Savannah, Ga., for a month, two weeks at Charleston, S.C., five months at Columbia, S.C., then at Charlotte, N.C. where he escaped. Recaptured he was sent to Saulsbury, N.C., and paroled, March 1, 1865. He was promoted to Major, June 1, 1865, and mustered out of the Union service, June 25, 1865, at New Berne, North Carolina. In 1868, he worked as a teller at the Gettysburg National Bank, and served in this position for 5 years. He then went into the produce and warehouse business in Gettysburg. Appointed Postmaster of Gettysburg by President Grover Cleveland in 1885. Major Benner was a proud member of the Corporal Skelly, G.A.R. Post #9, in Gettysburg, Pa. He is buried in the famous Evergreen Cemetery in Gettysburg. Major Benner was esteemed and held in high honor by everyone who knew him.


<u>WBTS Trivia</u>: The 101st Pennsylvania Infantry suffered 14 killed, 60 wounded, and 4 were taken prisoner, at the battle of Fair Oaks, Va., May 31, 1862. The regiment lost 7 killed, 24 wounded, and 429 captured at the battle of Plymouth, North Carolina, April 20, 1864.


Located just east of Gettysburg is Benner's Hill, which played a prominent role in the 3 day battle of Gettysburg. At the time of the battle, the hill was part of the 200 acre farm of Susan and Christian Benner, the parents of Major Henry S. Benner.      

 


<b>Block of four Confederate postage stamps</b>


Scott #13, green. Block of four Confederate postage stamps. Features a full face portrait of Revolutionary War General-in-Chief, and the 1st President of the United States, George Washington. These stamps were printed by Archer & Daly, in Richmond, Va., and their earliest known use was on June 1, 1863.

 


An embroidered cloth insignia with a gold bullion Palmetto tree that was instantly recognizable as the emblem of South Carolina troops who fought during The War Between the States. The tree is on a black felt field. Stamped in black on the reverse, UCV with the price of 29 C[ents]. Measures about 1 3/8 x 1 3/4. Excellent Confederate Veterans reunion item. These were sold at encampments and reunions to raise money for Confederate Veterans.

Gettysburg First Day Cover $5.00

 

Gettysburg Merchant, H. S. Benner, Signed $35.00

 

1863 Twenty Cents, George Washington, Co $125.00

 

U. C. V. South Carolina Palmetto Cloth Ins $45.00




<b>Postmarked at Springfield, Illinois</b>


6 1/2 x 3 1/2, envelope. First Day of Issue, of the 42 cents U.S. postage stamp with large bust view of Lincoln at right, and vignette of Lincoln seated with General U.S. Grant & General W.T. Sherman. Stamped First Day Of Issue, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, February 9, 2009, Springfield, IL., 62703, with vignette of President Lincoln wearing his stovepipe hat. Choice condition.  


<b>Signature With Rank as Commander of the Mississippi Marine Brigade</b>


(1820-95) Brother of the celebrated engineer Charles Ellet. In 1861, he served as a captain in the 59th Illinois Infantry. The following spring when his brother was ordered by the War Department to purchase vessels and convert them into rams, Alfred was commissioned lieutenant colonel and aide-de-camp to his brother Charles. They completed their fleet at Cincinnati, Ohio, and steamed down the river to Memphis, defeating the Confederate fleet there on June 6, 1862, and sinking or disabling eight of the nine enemy ironclads. Charles received a mortal wound here and Alfred took over the command. With the Monarch and the Lancaster he steamed up the Yazoo River and discovered and reported the presence of the Confederate ram Arkansas. Promoted to brigadier general to rank from November 1, 1862, he was assigned to the Department of the Mississippi and placed in command of the Marine Brigade in 1863. After running the Vicksburg batteries in March 1863, Ellet was engaged for some time in moving General Ulysses S. Grant's troops to the east bank of the Mississippi. In retaliation for information furnished to the troops of Confederate General Chalmer's command, he burned Austin, Mississippi.


<u>War Period Signature With Rank</u>: 3 3/4 x 1, in ink, Alfred W. Ellet, Brig. Genl., Comdg. M.[ississippi] M.[arine] Brigade. Light wear.


 


<b>The second son of General Robert E. Lee who was severely wounded at the battle of Brandy Station, Virginia and captured!</b>


(1837-1922) The second son of General Robert E. Lee, nicknamed "Rooney." A Harvard educated gentleman, he promptly entered the Confederate service upon the secession of his native Virginia, and became colonel of the 9th Virginia Cavalry. He served with the famous Confederate cavalry General J.E.B. Stuart through virtually all of the cavalry campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia. He was promoted to brigadier general to rank from September 15, 1862. He was severely wounded during the battle of Brandy Station, Va., and was captured while he was recuperating. He was not exchanged until March 1864. Promoted to major general on April 23, 1864, the youngest in the Confederate service, he continued to play an important role in the Army of Northern Virginia until the army's surrender at Appomattox Court House, Va., on April 9, 1865.


Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Bust view in Confederate uniform. Brig. Gen. W.H.F. Lee, C.S.A., is written in period ink on the front mount. Backmark: E. & H.T. Anthony, New York. Excellent.  


<b>Celebrating the 72nd Anniversary of the Gettysburg Address</b>


6 1/2 x 3 3/4, envelope. First Day Of Issue, of the 3 cents, President Abraham Lincoln, U.S. Postage stamp celebrating the 72nd anniversary of the Gettysburg Address. Light blue U.S. postage stamp with a portrait of President Lincoln, and a quote from his immortal Gettysburg Address, "That Government Of The People, By The People, For The People, Shall Not Perish From The Earth." Tied on by stamped "First Day Of Issue," and C.D.S., Gettysburg, PA., Nov. 19, 1948- 9 AM. Excellent.


WBTS Trivia: President Abraham Lincoln gave his immortal Gettysburg Address during the dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery, on Thursday, November 19, 1863.

President Abraham Lincoln First Day Cove $5.00

 

Autograph, General Alfred W. Ellet $125.00

 

CDV, General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee $250.00

 

Abraham Lincoln Gettysburg First Day Cov $8.00




<b>United States Senator from Vermont</b>


(1793-1855) Born in Litchfield, Conn., he graduated from Yale College in 1811, studied law, was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Middlebury, Vt. Served in the War of 1812. He was a member of the Vermont State House of Representatives, 1821-32; Associate Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court, 1832-38; and served in the Vermont State Senate, 1838-39. Served as U.S. Senator, 1839-51, and 1853-54. He was chairman of the Committee on the Militia. Also served on the Committee on Revolutionary War Claims, Committee on Pensions, Committee on Patents, and the Committee on Territories.


<u>Signature</u>: 5 1/2 x 1 1/4, in ink, Saml. S. Phelps, Vermont.  A wonderful Civil War era display item in an especially desirable color, this all original and unopened textile dye packet measures approximately 2 ¾ X 1 ¾ X 1 inch thick  with classic patriotic graphic and nomenclature of <B> HOWE & STEVENS – Dye Color – MAIZE</B> with <B> Patented October 13, 1863</B> and the reminder that the content is for <I>Dyeing Silk, Woolen & Cotton Goods, Shawls, Scarfs, Ribbons, Dresses, Feathers, Bonnets, Hats and all kinds of Wearing Apparel, with perfect FAST COLORS.</I>   Pleasing with its period <I>Lady Liberty</I> patriotic graphic and <I>MAIZE</I> color (a subdued natural yellow) this every day relic of the Civil War period will make a nice companion in any 19th century textile related grouping. (see: Civil War vintage Boston Business Directories)   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


 Not a big deal and a bit out of our usual lane but worthy of a good home is this neat little sales sample miniature  W & B, rubber composition, padded horseshoe.  Founded in the third quarter of the 19th century the Whitman and Barns Co. soon became most well known as a hand tool and agricultural equipment manufacturer.   With good evidence of age yet remaining in decent condition our photos will offer the best description.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !


 While the style is British in origin this Civil War era bugle offers all the evidence of period authenticity knowledgeable collector / historians appreciate and <U>is not to be confused with more common later examples and outright reproductions</U> of the British Mod. 1855 type mounted bugle.  A bit of an enigma among collectors who have been swamped with later and outright <I>bogus</I> foreign made reproductions, there is no reason to conclude that genuine period examples did not see service in the American Civil War.  The operative terms being <I>genuine</I> and <I>period</I>, examples of the type with British maker markings or, even more desirably, devoid of any marking at all, surely saw service as private and state, even confederate purchase. With earlier to mid-19th century construction features, copper rich alloy <U><I>floating</U></I> bell with period brazed body seam, this eye appealing old bugle offers that attractive natural age patina that comes only with the passing of decades. (see: major museum collections to include the Gettysburg Visitors Center collection) A nice companion item with any mounted grouping, artillery or cavalry.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! </FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

Autograph, Samuel S. Phelps

 

unopened - Howe & Stevens Civil War vint $75.00

 

19th century Salesman Sample PADDED HORS $45.00

 

original! mid 1800s BUGLE

Best described by our illustrations, this antique chloroform dispenser tag measures 2 X 3 inches, is of white and blue porcelain on sheet iron and remains in excellent original condition with no chips, cracks or stains.  A neat medical / surgical item some would be tempted to hang it on a nice whiskey decanter.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !  


<b>War date signature with rank, place & date, plus photograph in uniform</b>


(1825-88) Born in Black River, Lorain County, Ohio, he graduated #1 in the West Point class of 1849. Appointed to the Engineer Department, of the U.S.A., he was engaged in constructing the fortifications at Hampton Roads, Virginia, 1849-1852. His next assignment was as instructor of Military Engineering at West Point where he also designed a new riding school. Gillmore was chief engineer of the Port Royal expedition in 1861-62, which affected an important Union lodgment on the Carolina coast. His greatest moment in the Civil War came when his brilliant plan reduced Fort Pulaski, Georgia, the Confederate stronghold which guarded the approaches to the Savannah River. A staunch advocate of the relatively new naval rifled guns, he was the first officer to effectively use them to knock out a stone fortification. More than 5,000 artillery shells fell on Pulaski from a range of 1,700 yards during the siege, which resulted in the fort's surrender after its walls were breached. The result of the efforts to breach a fort of such strength and at such a distance conferred high honors on the engineering skill and self-reliant capacity of General Gilmore. He then traveled to Lexington, Kentucky, where he supervised the construction of Fort Clay situated on a hilltop commanding the city. Gillmore commanded a division in the Army of Kentucky, and though long associated with engineering and artillery, Gillmore's first independent command came at the head of a cavalry expedition against Confederate General John Pegram. Gillmore defeated the Confederates at the battle of Somerset for which he was brevetted for gallantry. In 1863, he commanded the Department of the South and was in charge of the Charleston, S.C. campaign. It was said that his operations constituted a new era in the science of engineering and gunnery. In 1864, he served under General Benjamin F. Butler, and was involved in the Bermuda Hundred, Virginia campaign. In February 1865, he returned to the command of the Department of the South until the end of the war.


<u>Signature with Rank, Place & Date</u>: 3 3/4 x 5, in ink, Q.A. Gillmore, Maj. Genl., Memphis, Tenn., Dec. 14th, 1864. Comes with an antique portrait photograph, of General Gillmore, in uniform, with rank of Major General. 3 3/4 x 5 1/2.  Circa late 1800’s.


WBTS Trivia: The Gillmore Medal is a military decoration of the United States Army which was first issued on October 28, 1863. The medal is named after Major General Quincy A. Gillmore who commanded Union troops attempting to seize Fort Wagner, S.C. in 1863. Also called the Fort Sumter Medal, the Gillmore Medal commemorates the men who served in the fighting around Charleston, South Carolina, in 1863, and was presented to all Union soldiers who had served under General Gillmore's command.  DESCRIPTION:

Best described by our photographs, this Civil War vintage CDV is marked <B>Fifty One Portraits  of the Confederate Army & Navy</B>,  is by <B>Chas. D. Fredericks , Broadway N. Y.</B> and offers a printed identification of each portrait on the back.  The mount is trimmed on the bottom not involving the photo.  Showing appropriate age while remaining in decent condition, this scarce Fredericks CDV will be of special interest to the Confederate collector.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !



 


<b>Imprint of  Morse's Gallery of the Cumberland, Nashville, Tennessee</b>


(1826-86) Nicknamed "Black Jack," he served in the Mexican War as a lieutenant of Illinois Volunteers; and was perhaps the Union's premier civilian general during the Civil War. Elected to the U.S. Senate in 1858 and 1860, he attended the Democratic National Convention in Charleston as a supporter of Stephen A. Douglas. After fighting at the battle of 1st Bull Run, he returned to Illinois to recruit the 31st Illinois Infantry of which he was commissioned colonel. An instant success as a field commander, he saw action at Belmont, and Fort Donelson where he was wounded. Promoted to rank of brigadier general, March 21, 1862, and major general March 13, 1863, he fought at Corinth, Shiloh, Vicksburg, in the Atlanta campaign where he was wounded again, and the 1865 Carolina's campaign. After the war he returned to politics and served as U.S. Congressman and Senator from Illinois almost uninterruptedly until his death. He was greatly involved in veteran's affairs and was instrumental in founding Memorial Day.


Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Bust view in uniform with rank of major general, Backmark: Morse's Gallery of the Cumberland, 25 Cedar St., opposite the Commercial Hotel, Nashville, Tenn. Excellent. Very desirable image with this Tennessee back mark. Scarce.

antique surgical dispenser – CHLOROFORM $65.00

 

Autograph, General Quincy A. Gillmore $125.00

 

Civil War vintage - 51 Confederate Portr

 

CDV, General John A. Logan $150.00




<b>United States Congressman from Connecticut


Delegate to the Constitutional Union Party Convention in 1860</b>


(1803-1861) Born in Norwich, Conn., he graduated from Yale in 1822, studied law, was admitted to the bar, and practiced in Norwich. He served in the Connecticut State Senate in 1839, and was judge of the county court. Was a U.S. Congressman, 1845-1849. He served as the Chairman of the Committee on Claims. He was later engaged as a lawyer before the Court of Claims of the United States at Washington, D.C. He joined in the call for the Constitutional Union Party Convention in May 1860, and was appointed a delegate for Connecticut to the National Committee.

  

<u>Signature</u>: John A. Rockwell, in ink, mounted to a 5 3/4 x 2 1/4, piece of an autograph album page. 

 Best described by our photo illustrations, this classic black walnut stereo view holder will go well in any stereo card collection. Once commonly seen here in our New England antique shops where they were gleaned from an abundance of such treasures tucked away in farmhouse attics, these old parlor favorites are now quite difficult to find in any kind of presentable condition.  This example shows the rigors of time yet remains sturdy and pleasing to the eye.  A nice remnant of mid to later 1800s photographeia.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! </FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  Frequently referred to as <I>gold</I> scales and sometimes as <I>apothecary</I> or <I>medical</I> scales, these little balance scales, once relatively common, are like so many every day treasures of the 19th century, becoming quite difficult to acquire in complete original condition.  A nice display companion item in any number of period categories, this set is offered untouched and as found  leaving the decision to lightly clean or not (we wouldn’t) to the new owner. As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !  Illustrated here with a U S quarter for size comparison our photos will offer the best description of this  nice period staff grade hat insignia.  Of interest to the collector will be that we acquired the piece from Francis Lord from his personal collection. Veteran collectors who are fortunate to have known Dr. Lord will remember that Francis had a habit of gluing things to display boards for <I> show & tell</I> at the old Civil War shows.  Remnants of that glue remains on the back and can be easily removed but we’d leave it as is with the old man’s tracks on the back.   We acquired this relic several years ago when we were fortunate enough to purchase several groupings from the personal collection of our longtime friend.  A pioneer Civil War collector from a day when nearly no one else paid much attention to the details of many now valued Civil War collectable categories, Francis authored the  widely known, multi volume, pioneer reference,  <I>Lord’s CIVIL WAR COLLECTORS ENCYCLOPEDIA</I>.  While a lot of detailed knowledge has been gained as the interest and <U>value</U> of Civil War collectibles increased so dramatically over the years, Dr. Lord’s first and second volumes in particular and his <I>Civil War Sutlers & Their Wares</I> continue to offer valuable and reliable reference to Civil War collectors.  (Use <I>Lord</I> in our search feature to find other Lord collection items.)

Autograph, John A. Rockwell

 

19th century walnut - STEREOVIEW HOLDER

 

earlier to mid-1800s BALANCE SCALES $65.00

 

Lord collection – Civil War Staff – HAT $235.00

A bit of a departure from our usual fare, we couldn’t resist the acquisition of this late 19th early 20th century classic Bobby Helmet.  All complete and in pleasing original condition while offering desirable evidence of period use and age, this <I>Kingston upon Hull</I> police helmet retains its original <B>HULL POLICE</B> plate and sports the classic London hatter marking <I>Christy’s London</I> embossed into the leather sweat band.   Now defunct for some years, the Hull police are most frequently remembered today for their public efforts during the catastrophic World War I  German Zeppelin attacks on their city. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! </FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  


<b>United States Congressman from Connecticut


United States Postmaster General</b>


(1799-1855) Born in Middletown, Conn., he graduated from Yale in 1819, studied law, was admitted to the bar, and practiced in Middletown, 1823-37.  He served as a U.S. Congressman, 1845-49.  He served as the 15th Postmaster General of the United States in the administration of President Millard Fillmore, 1852-53.

 

Signature: 4 3/4 x 1/2,  in ink, Sam' D. Hubbard.  


<b>Medal of Honor Recipient for gallantry in the battle of Franklin, Tennessee where he was wounded</b>


(1828-1902) Born in Cedar Valley, Wayne County, Ohio, he graduated in the West Point class of 1852. His first assignment was on the western frontier where he was engaged in surveying railroads which ultimately led to him fighting Indians. Promoted to captain in 1861, he was on duty at Fort Washita, Indian Territory when the Civil War broke out, and he thus led his men to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Stanley fought in the battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri, on August 10, 1861, after which President Lincoln appointed him brigadier general. He also saw action at New Madrid; Island No. 10; Iuka; Corinth; Stone's River; Murfreesboro; Tullahoma; Chattanooga; and in the Atlanta campaign. Stanley was appointed major general to rank from November 29, 1862. He was wounded in the battle of Franklin, Tennessee, November 30, 1864, earning himself distinction, and  the Medal of Honor for gallantry. While leading a counterattack against the Rebels, General Stanley was wounded in the neck at the same time that he had his horse shot out from under him.  Stanley remained in the United States Army after the Civil War, serving throughout the postbellum years on the Indian frontier, commanding in the Dakota Territory, in the Yellowstone Expedition, in Texas where he crushed Indian raids, and in Santa Fe where he commanded the District of New Mexico. He later commanded the Department of Texas from 1884-92. From 1893-98 he was governor of the Soldiers' Home in Washington, D.C. General Stanley was interred at the United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home, National Cemetery in Washington, D.C. His only son, David Sheridan Stanley, named after his friend General Philip H. Sheridan, and five of his grandsons would all graduate from The United States Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.


<u>Signature with Rank</u>: 4 1/4 x 2, in ink, D.S. Stanley, Major Genl. Comes with a 3 1/2 x 4 1/2, antique silver print (circa 1900) photograph of General Stanley in uniform.  


<b>United States Senator from New York


Lieutenant Governor of New York


Attorney General of the State of New York


Appointed United States Attorney by President Abraham Lincoln in 1864</b>


(1800-1866) Born in Goshen, Conn., he moved with his parents to New York in 1806, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1828, and commenced practice in Guilford, N.Y. He served as Postmaster of Guilford, 1827-1832. Moving to Binghamton, N.Y., he was elected the first president of Binghamton, in 1834.  He was a member of the New York State Senate, 1837-1840. He served as Lieutenant Governor of New York and ex-officio President of the State Senate and President of the Court of Errors, 1842-1844.  Was a United States Senator from 1843-1851.  He served as the Chairman of the Committee on Finance, and on the Committee on Manufactures, and the Committee on Private Land Claims. Elected Attorney General of the State of New York in 1861. He was appointed United States commissioner for the final settlement of the Hudson Bay and Puget Sound agricultural claims in 1864. Dickinson was appointed as United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, by President Abraham Lincoln, serving 1865-1866.

      

<u>Signature</u>: 4 1/4 x 1/2, in ink, D.S. Dickinson.

late 1800s early 1900s British Bobby Hel $235.00

 

Autograph, Samuel D. Hubbard

 

Autograph, General David S. Stanley $125.00

 

Autograph, Daniel S. Dickinson




Stamped brass hat wreath insignia with G.A.R. [Grand Army of the Republic] in silver colored letters attached to the center of the wreath. These were worn by Civil War veterans on their slouch hats or kepis. Measures 2 1/2 inches in width. Complete with straight pin fastener on the reverse. Comes beautifully displayed in a 4 1/4 x 3 1/4 glass faced display case with blue velvet liner. Excellent piece of G.A.R. memorabilia.  


<b>United States Senator from Connecticut


United States Postmaster General</b>


(1787-1856) Born in Windsor, Hartford County, Conn., he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1817, and commenced practice in Hartford. He established and edited the Hartford Weekly Times newspaper. Served as Associate Judge of the Hartford County Court, 1821-1825, and was a member of the Connecticut State House of Representatives in 1826. He was the Postmaster of Hartford, 1829-1836.  Served as a U.S. Senator, 1835-39; and 1843-49. He was the U.S. Postmaster General in the Cabinet of President Martin Van Buren, 1840-41. He served as chairman of the Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses, and served on the Committee on Post Office and Post Roads.

  

<u>Signature with State</u>: 5 x 1 3/4, in ink, John M. Niles, Conn.  


7 1/2 x 9 3/4, imprinted form.


By Authority of ___ a safeguard is hereby granted to ___ 


All officers and soldiers belonging to the Army of the United States are therefore commanded to respect this safeguard, and to afford, if necessary, protection to ___  


Given at Headquarters, the ___ day of ___ 1864.


By command of the General,


Asst. Adjt. General


"55th Article of the Rule and Articles of War"


"Whoever belonging to the Armies of the United States in foreign parts, or at any place within the United States or their Territories, during rebellion against the Supreme Authority of the United States, shall force a safeguard, shall suffer death."


Excellent condition. Uncommon. Very desirable 1864 blank Civil War document which includes the printing of the "55th Article of the Rules and Articles of War."   


<b>Civil War signature with rank of Major General


Wounded at Fort Donelson and in the Atlanta campaign!


General Logan was instrumental in founding Memorial Day!</b>




(1826-86) Nicknamed "Black Jack," he served in the Mexican War as a lieutenant of Illinois Volunteers; and was perhaps the Union's premier civilian general during the Civil War. Elected to the U.S. Senate in 1858 and 1860, he attended the Democratic National Convention in Charleston as a supporter of Stephen A. Douglas. After fighting at the battle of 1st Bull Run, he returned to Illinois to recruit the 31st Illinois Infantry of which he was commissioned colonel. An instant success as a field commander, he saw action at Belmont, and Fort Donelson where he was wounded. Promoted to rank of brigadier general, March 21, 1862, and major general March 13, 1863, he fought at Corinth, Shiloh, Vicksburg, in the Atlanta campaign where he was wounded again, and the 1865 Carolina's campaign. After the war he returned to politics and served as U.S. Congressman and Senator from Illinois almost uninterruptedly until his death. He was greatly involved in veteran's affairs and was instrumental in founding Memorial Day.


<u>Signature With Rank</u>: 3 x 1 1/2, in ink, John A. Logan, Maj. Genl.

G. A. R. Hat Wreath Insignia

 

Autograph, John M. Niles $25.00

 

1864 U. S. Army Safeguard Pass $15.00

 

Autograph, General John A. Logan $125.00

Popularly used through the 1860s and today a special classification among vintage lighting enthusiasts, these little lamps have drawn all manner of speculation as to their purpose.  Not the least of these and most widely favored, thus their designation as <I>sparking</I> lamps, is that they were courting lamps, the limited oil reserve gauging when the visiting suitor should leave.  Another theory and in our view likely the most probable, is that the little lamp with its limited burning time was simply a night light used while preparing for bed.  Placed on the night stand the lamp would provide just enough necessary light then self-extinguish.  This attractive little example stands a mere 4 ½ inches with its original milk glass chimney and remains in excellent condition with all original and no issues.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! </FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


 Best dscribed by our photo illustrations, 18th early 19th century tobacco <I>box</I> measures 3 5/16 inches in diameter and stands 3 3/8 inches.  Wood pegged to its base with a unique cut and fitted side seam, the body of this wonderful old primitive is of birch bark with its original press fit wood cover.  All with an eye appealing deep age patina this attractive 1700s early 1800s container will make a wonderful companion set with any period tobacco pipe.  A desirable item for the early American primitives enthusiast.    <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! </FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  


<b>Signature with rank


United States Congressman from Kentucky</b>


(1818-69) Born near Stanford, Kentucky, he was elected to the Indiana State Legislature in 1844. He served with distinction during the Mexican War as a captain of the 2nd Indiana Volunteers, which he led at the Battle of Buena Vista, where he helped rally the Indiana troops at a key point in the battle. He was a member of the Indiana State Senate from 1847 to 1849. He then went to Louisville, Kentucky, to practice law, and in 1860 was elected to the Kentucky State Senate. A dedicated opponent of secession, as the Civil War was becoming more and more likely, Rousseau decided in favor of maintaining state government in Kentucky and helped keep it from seceding from the Union. He resigned from his seat in the senate in June 1861, and applied for a commission to raise volunteers. Against the opposition of many prominent figures in Kentucky, he succeeded in raising two regiments composed entirely of Kentuckians at Camp Joe Holt, across the Ohio River from Louisville in Jeffersonville, Indiana. They were known as the "Louisville Legion." With the help of a battalion of the "Louisville Home Guard," the regiments saved Louisville from being captured by Confederate troops. On September 9, 1861, he was mustered in as colonel of the 3rd Kentucky Infantry. Promoted to brigadier general on October 1st, and major general on October 22, 1862, he commanded a brigade at the bloody battle of Shiloh, and gallantly led a division at the battle of Perryville, Ky. He also served with distinction as a division commander at Murfreesboro, and in the Tullahoma campaign. He afterwards commanded the districts of Nashville and of Tennessee. On the orders of General William T. Sherman, Rousseau carried out a very successful raid on the Montgomery and West Point Railroad in July 1864. Rousseau was elected as an "Unconditional Unionist" to the United States Congress serving from 1865-1866. As a former military officer, he served on the Committee on Military Affairs. In June 1866, relations between Rousseau and Iowa Congressman Josiah Bushnell Grinnell became very tense. The two had a series of debates over a bill intended to give more power to the Freedman's Bureau. Rousseau opposed it having seen and heard about rebellious and illegal actions by agents working for the bureau, whereas Grinnell strongly supported the bill as a former active abolitionist, and aide to runaway slaves. The debates eventually turned into mudslinging, Grinnell questioning General Rousseau's military record and insulting his performance in battle as well as a few comments on his state of Kentucky. On June 14, 1866, Rousseau approached Grinnell in the east portico of the capitol building after a session of congress. He told Grinnell that he wanted an apology from him for the insults he made about him before the House. Grinnell pretended not to know what Rousseau was talking about, enraging Rousseau who struck him repeatedly with the iron handle of his cane until it broke. He struck him mainly in the face, but a few blows hit Grinnell's hand and shoulder. A committee was organized to investigate the incident which was composed of Nathaniel P. Banks, Henry J. Raymond, Rufus P. Spalding, M. Russell Thayer and John Hogan. General Rousseau was reprimanded for his actions and later resigned. He was elected back the same year to fill the vacancy caused by himself and continued to serve until 1867. After leaving the United States Congress, Rousseau was appointed brigadier general in the U.S. Army with the brevet rank of major general, and was assigned to duty in Alaska on March 27, 1867. General Rousseau played a key role in the transfer of Alaska from the Russian Empire to the United States on October 18, 1867, today celebrated as Alaska Day. On July 28, 1868, he was placed in command of the Department of Louisiana. He died in this capacity in New Orleans, Louisiana, on January 7, 1869. 


<u>Signature with Rank</u>: 4 1/2 x 2 1/8, in ink, Lovell H. Rousseau, Brig. & Bvt. Maj. Genl., U.S. Army. Excellent autograph.

 <b>of Facts for an Award of a Cross of Military Service</b>


4 pages, 8 1/2 x 14, blank imprinted document. This was the form that was used by the UNITED DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY as a Memorandum of Facts for an Award of a CROSS OF MILITARY SERVICE, for the ancestor of a Confederate Veteran who served honorably in a Foreign War. Very fine. Nice document to pair up with one of these commemorative medals.



WBTS TRIVIA: The United Daughters of the Confederacy was established on September 10, 1894, in Nashville, Tennessee. These patriotic Southern women were responsible for organizing burials of Confederate soldiers, establishing permanent care of these cemeteries, organizing commemorative ceremonies, and sponsoring the erection of monuments. The Southern Cross of Honor was a commemorative medal established by the U.D.C. for members of the United Confederate Veterans, and was established in 1898.


The Cross of Military Service is awarded by the United Daughters of the Confederacy as a testimonial to the patriotic devotion of worthy descendants of Confederate Soldiers and Sailors, and is considered the most prestigious award presented by the U.D.C. It was originally issued to U.S. Veterans of Confederate lineage that fought in the Spanish-American War (1898-99), the Philippine Insurrection (1899-1902), and World War I (1914-19), all of which are printed as options to be filled in on page one of the document. This dates the form to be from the early 1900's. In later years, the U.D.C. extended the issue of this medal to include World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam Conflict, and the Global War on Terror.

antique ‘Sparking’ or ‘Night’ LAMP $65.00

 

early primitive BIRCH BARK TOBACCO BOX $135.00

 

Autograph, General Lovell H. Rousseau

 

United Daughters of the Confederacy Memo $15.00




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